Profession critic

Critics write reviews of literary, musical and artistic works, restaurants, movies, television programs and other themes for newspapers, journals, magazines, radio, television and other media. They evaluate theme, expression and technique. Critics make judgements based on their personal experience and knowledge.

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Personality Type

  • Artistic / Enterprising

Knowledge

  • Editorial standards

    The guidelines on how to deal with and report on privacy, children, and death according to impartiality, and other standards.

  • Spelling

    The rules concerning the way words are spelled.

  • Interview techniques

    The techniques for getting information out of people by asking the right questions in the right way and to make them feel comfortable.

  • Writing techniques

    The different techniques to write a story such as the descriptive, persuasive, first person and other techniques.

  • Grammar

    The set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

  • Copyright legislation

    Legislation describing the protection of the rights of original authors over their work, and how others can use it.

  • Rhetoric

    The art of discourse that aims at improving the ability of writers and speakers to inform, persuade or motivate their audience.

Skills

  • Follow ethical code of conduct of journalists

    Follow the ethical code of conduct of journalists, such as freedom of speech, right of reply, being objective, and other rules.

  • Study topics

    Carry out effective research on relevant topics to be able to produce summary information appropriate to different audiences. The research may involve looking at books, journals, the internet, and/or verbal discussions with knowledgeable persons.

  • Interview people

    Interview people in a range of different circumstances.

  • Evaluate writings in response to feedback

    Edit and adapt work in response to comments from peers and publishers.

  • Develop professional network

    Reach out to and meet up with people in a professional context. Find common ground and use your contacts for mutual benefit. Keep track of the people in your personal professional network and stay up to date on their activities.

  • Apply grammar and spelling rules

    Apply the rules of spelling and grammar and ensure consistency throughout texts.

  • Write to a deadline

    Schedule and respect tight deadlines, especially for theatre, screen and radio projects.

  • Follow the news

    Follow current events in politics, economics, social communities, cultural sectors, internationally, and in sports.

  • Participate in editorial meetings

    Participate in meetings with fellow editors and journalists to discuss possible topics and to divide the tasks and workload.

  • Use specific writing techniques

    Use writing techniques depending on the type of media, the genre, and the story.

  • Consult information sources

    Consult relevant information sources to find inspiration, to educate yourself on certain topics and to acquire background information.

  • Build contacts to maintain news flow

    Build contacts to maintain a flow of news, for example, police and emergency services, local council, community groups, health trusts, press officers from a variety of organisations, the general public, etc.

  • Critically reflect on artistic production processes

    Critically reflect upon processes and outcomes of the artisitc production process in order to ensure quality of experience and/or product.

  • Stay up to date with social media

    Keep up with the trends and people on social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

Optional knowledge and skills

write captions press law promote your writings musical genres rewrite manuscripts history of dance style art history watch video and motion picture production products multimedia systems check correctness of information types of literature genres musical theory manage personal finances food science desktop publishing write headlines attend performances address problems critically food hygiene rules provide written content literature proofread text manage writing administration read books film studies analyse trends in the food and beverage industries musical instruments apply desktop publishing techniques photography create online news content food materials