Critics write reviews of literary, musical and artistic works, restaurants, movies, television programs and other themes for newspapers, journals, magazines, radio, television and other media. They evaluate theme, expression and technique. Critics make judgements based on their personal experience and knowledge.
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- Artistic / Enterprising
- Editorial standards
The guidelines on how to deal with and report on privacy, children, and death according to impartiality, and other standards.
The rules concerning the way words are spelled.
- Interview techniques
The techniques for getting information out of people by asking the right questions in the right way and to make them feel comfortable.
- Writing techniques
The different techniques to write a story such as the descriptive, persuasive, first person and other techniques.
The set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
- Copyright legislation
Legislation describing the protection of the rights of original authors over their work, and how others can use it.
The art of discourse that aims at improving the ability of writers and speakers to inform, persuade or motivate their audience.
- Follow ethical code of conduct of journalists
Follow the ethical code of conduct of journalists, such as freedom of speech, right of reply, being objective, and other rules.
- Study topics
Carry out effective research on relevant topics to be able to produce summary information appropriate to different audiences. The research may involve looking at books, journals, the internet, and/or verbal discussions with knowledgeable persons.
- Interview people
Interview people in a range of different circumstances.
- Evaluate writings in response to feedback
Edit and adapt work in response to comments from peers and publishers.
- Develop professional network
Reach out to and meet up with people in a professional context. Find common ground and use your contacts for mutual benefit. Keep track of the people in your personal professional network and stay up to date on their activities.
- Apply grammar and spelling rules
Apply the rules of spelling and grammar and ensure consistency throughout texts.
- Write to a deadline
Schedule and respect tight deadlines, especially for theatre, screen and radio projects.
- Follow the news
Follow current events in politics, economics, social communities, cultural sectors, internationally, and in sports.
- Participate in editorial meetings
Participate in meetings with fellow editors and journalists to discuss possible topics and to divide the tasks and workload.
- Use specific writing techniques
Use writing techniques depending on the type of media, the genre, and the story.
- Consult information sources
Consult relevant information sources to find inspiration, to educate yourself on certain topics and to acquire background information.
- Build contacts to maintain news flow
Build contacts to maintain a flow of news, for example, police and emergency services, local council, community groups, health trusts, press officers from a variety of organisations, the general public, etc.
- Critically reflect on artistic production processes
Critically reflect upon processes and outcomes of the artisitc production process in order to ensure quality of experience and/or product.
- Stay up to date with social media
Keep up with the trends and people on social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.