Profession ecologist

Ecologists carry out assessments of the health and distribution of organisms, namely people, plants, and animals, and the relationship between organisms and their environment. Ecologists usually have a specialisation area, e.g. freshwater, marine, terrestrial, fauna, and flora about which they conduct research and perform relating tasks. 

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Personality Type

  • Investigative / Enterprising


  • Ecology

    The study of how organisms interact and their relation to the ambient environment.

  • Organism taxonomy

    Science of classifying organisms.

  • Biology

    Tissues, cells, and functions of plant and animal organisms and their interdependencies and interactions with each other and the environment.

  • Environmental legislation

    The environmental policies and legislation applicable in a certain domain.


  • Analyse ecological data

    Analyse and interpret ecological and biological data, using specialist software programs.

  • Conduct ecological surveys

    Conduct field surveys to collect information about the numbers and distribution of organisms.

  • Conduct ecological research

    Conduct ecological and biological research in the field and in controlled conditions, using scientific methods and equipment.

  • Measure trees

    Take all relevant measurements of a tree: use a clinometer to gauge the height, tape to measure the circumference, and increment borers and bark gauges to estimate the growth rate.

  • Manage habitats

    Create and manage natural habitats.

  • Employ habitat survey techniques

    Apply sampling strategies and employ a range of habitat survey techniques, such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS), aerial photography, records and maps.

  • Identify plants characteristics

    Identify crop characteristics. Identify fruit or vegetable or crops ready for harvest. Grade, classify, or sort products according to specifications. Be able to recognise different types of bulbs by name, graded sizes, field markings and stock markings.

  • Write work-related reports

    Compose work-related reports that support effective relationship management and a high standard of documentation and record keeping. Write and present results and conclusions in a clear and intelligible way so they are comprehensible to a non-expert audience.

Optional knowledge and skills

develop aquaculture strategies create training materials promote environmental awareness use different communication channels botany develop environmental policy manage environmental impact of operations forest ecology develop outreach training plans carry out training in environmental matters develop work plans to solve problems ensure compliance with environmental legislation organise training educate people about nature ensure the safety of endangered species and protected areas chemistry molecular biology fish anatomy deliver online training provide on-site training in aquaculture facilities monitor the farm environmental management plan analyse environmental data assess environmental impact advise on environmental risk management systems business management principles environmental policy assess environmental impact in aquaculture operations speak different languages fish biology control aquatic production environment apply conflict management conduct environmental surveys assess contamination animal biology identify training needs manage aquatic habitat conduct fish mortality studies conserve natural resources biosecurity develop management plans to reduce risks in aquaculture manage budgets manage environmental management system communicate in english in a competent way monitor water quality aquatic ecology