Journalists collect and analyse facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation. Report and write stories for newspaper, news magazine, radio, or television.
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- Artistic / Enterprising
- Select, write and report (on) current stories for publication, broadcast or narrowcast, keeping to deadlines.
- Review copy and correct errors in content, grammar and punctuation, adhere to editorial style, formats, possibilities and limitations of the media.
- Gather information through (desk) research, interviews, field experience and by attending social events and public functions.
- Make significant news interesting and relevant to target audience, keep the news comprehensive and proportional, describe and illustrate detail as well as background.
- Analyze audiences and their interests, present different sides to a (conflicting) story, use multiple original sources and verify story before publication.
- Stay abreast of trends and issues, know who's who and how to reach them, and recognize newsworthy issues in the society.
- Consult the persons who decide on the selection of stories (such as editors or programme directors) and technical personnel (e.g. audiovisual operators) for support, if needed.
- Maintain independence, withstand pressure, bribes or presents from interested parties and abstain from topics involving own personal interests. Credit and protect sources, and avoid plagiarism.
- Provide a forum for public opinion and stimulate it through editorials, columns and reviews.
- Respond to and interact with individuals and target audiences through the media.
Related professions journalism, editing
- Author, writer
- Columnist, commentator
- Editor, all other
- Editor, books
- Editorial assistant
- Media correspondent
- Multimedia developer
- News analyst
- Press officer
The rules concerning the way words are spelled.
- Interview techniques
The techniques for getting information out of people by asking the right questions in the right way and to make them feel comfortable.
- Copyright legislation
Legislation describing the protection of the rights of original authors over their work, and how others can use it.
The set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
- Writing techniques
The different techniques to write a story such as the descriptive, persuasive, first person and other techniques.
- Editorial standards
The guidelines on how to deal with and report on privacy, children, and death according to impartiality, and other standards.
- Study topics
Carry out effective research on relevant topics to be able to produce summary information appropriate to different audiences. The research may involve looking at books, journals, the internet, and/or verbal discussions with knowledgeable persons.
- Participate in editorial meetings
Participate in meetings with fellow editors and journalists to discuss possible topics and to divide the tasks and workload.
- Build contacts to maintain news flow
Build contacts to maintain a flow of news, for example, police and emergency services, local council, community groups, health trusts, press officers from a variety of organisations, the general public, etc.
- Interview people
Interview people in a range of different circumstances.
- Develop professional network
Reach out to and meet up with people in a professional context. Find common ground and use your contacts for mutual benefit. Keep track of the people in your personal professional network and stay up to date on their activities.
- Apply grammar and spelling rules
Apply the rules of spelling and grammar and ensure consistency throughout texts.
- Use specific writing techniques
Use writing techniques depending on the type of media, the genre, and the story.
- Consult information sources
Consult relevant information sources to find inspiration, to educate yourself on certain topics and to acquire background information.
- Write to a deadline
Schedule and respect tight deadlines, especially for theatre, screen and radio projects.
- Stay up to date with social media
Keep up with the trends and people on social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.
- Evaluate writings in response to feedback
Edit and adapt work in response to comments from peers and publishers.
- Follow the news
Follow current events in politics, economics, social communities, cultural sectors, internationally, and in sports.
- Follow ethical code of conduct of journalists
Follow the ethical code of conduct of journalists, such as freedom of speech, right of reply, being objective, and other rules.