Profession occupational therapist
Occupational therapists assist individuals or groups who have occupational limitations due to diseases, physical disorders, and temporary or permanent mental disabilities, in regaining their ability to perform daily activities. They provide treatment and rehabilitation to enable them to actively participate in society, to live their lives according to their wishes and to perform those activities that are meaningful to them.
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- Social / Investigative
- Community based rehabilitation
The method of rehabilitation which involves the creation of social programs for the impaired or disabled persons to allow them integration into the community.
Paediatrics is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Professional documentation in health care
The written standards applied in the health care professional environments for documentation purposes of one`s activity.
The science of designing systems, processes and products that complement the strengths of people so that they can use them easily and safely.
- Supervision of persons
The act of directing one individual or a group of individuals in a certain activity.
Psychiatry is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
The human behaviour and performance with individual differences in ability, personality, interests, learning, and motivation.
Orthopaedics is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Vocational rehabilitation
The rehabilitation process of persons with functional, psychological, developmental, cognitive and emotional impairments or health disabilities to overcome barriers to accessing, maintaining or returning to employment or other useful occupation.
- Health care occupation-specific ethics
The moral standards and procedures, ethical questions and obligations specific to occupations in a health care setting such as respect for human dignity, self-determination, informed consent and patient confidentiality.
Geriatrics is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Occupational science
The study of everyday activity including the behaviours, characteristics, and patterns of behaviour and productivity.
- Medical informatics
The processes and tools used for the analysis and dissemination of medical data through computerized systems.
- General medicine
General medicine is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Occupational therapy theories
The fundamental theories that underlie occupational therapy practice, occupation-based models, and frames of reference used in this context.'
- Movement techniques
The various types of movement and physical postures undertaken for relaxation, body-mind integration, stress reduction, flexibility, core support and rehabilitation purposes, and that are required for or underpin occupational performance.
- Health care legislation
The patients` rights and responsibilities of health practitioners and the possible repercussions and prosecutions in relation to medical treatment negligence or malpractice.
- Human anatomy
The dynamic relationship of human structure and function and the muscosceletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary, reproductive, integumentary and nervous systems; normal and altered anatomy and physiology throughout the human lifespan.
- Occupational physiology
The complex physiology of specific jobs and its relation to disorders and medical conditions and the way to optimize health, work ability, and productivity.
The components of a disease, the cause, mechanisms of development, morphologic changes, and the clinical consequences of those changes.
- Human physiology
The science of the mechanical, physical, bioelectrical and biochemical functions of humans, their organs and cells in good health.
- Hygiene in a health care setting
The procedures related to maintaining a hygienic environment within a health care setting such as hospitals and clinics. It can range from hand washing to cleaning and disinfection of medical equipment used and infection control methods.
Neurology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
The group behaviour and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
- Medical terminology
The meaning of medical terms and abbreviations, of medical prescriptions and various medical specialties and when to use it correctly.
- Physical medicine
The diagnosis and treatment methods applied to individuals with physical impairments or disabilities in order to help them restore their body functions lost because of medical injuries or medical diseases.
- Perform patient activity analyses
Perform activity analyses of a patient in the sense of linking requirement and ability analyses. Understand the activity; its demands and context.
- Instruct on the use of special equipment for daily activities
Instruct on how to use specialised equipment such as wheelchairs and eating aids in their daily activities.
- Apply health sciences
Apply a broad range of bio-medical, psycho-social, organisational, educational, and societal aspects of health, disease, and healthcare to improve healthcare services and to improve quality of life.
- Adhere to organisational guidelines
Adhere to organisational or department specific standards and guidelines. Understand the motives of the organisation and the common agreements and act accordingly.
- Create individual treatment programmes
Develop treatment programmes to suit each individual patient, helping patients achieve more independence and confidence in their daily lives.
- Assist healthcare users achieve autonomy in everyday activities
Assist healthcare users to achieve autonomy in all types of activity, like dressing, cooking, eating, and using a computer.
- Educate patient's relations on care
Educate patient`s caregivers, family, or employer on how to accommodate and care for the patient.
- Record healthcare users' progress related to treatment
Record the healthcare user's progress in response to treatment by observing, listening and measuring outcomes.
- Interact with healthcare users
Communicate with clients and their carer’s, with the patient’s permission, to keep them informed about the clients’ and patients’ progress and safeguarding confidentiality.
- Inform policy makers on health-related challenges
Provide useful information related to health care professions to ensure policy decisions are made in the benefit of communities.
- Ensure safety of healthcare users
Make sure that healthcare users are being treated professionally, effectively and safe from harm, adapting techniques and procedures according to the person's needs, abilities or the prevailing conditions.
- Empathise with the healthcare user
Understand the background of clients` and patients’ symptoms, difficulties and behaviour. Be empathetic about their issues; showing respect and reinforcing their autonomy, self-esteem and independence. Demonstrate a concern for their welfare and handle according to the personal boundaries, sensitivities, cultural differences and preferences of the client and patient in mind.
- Respond to changing situations in health care
Cope with pressure and respond appropriately and in time to unexpected and rapidly changing situations in healthcare.
- Identify the healthcare user’s personal capacity
Identify the healthcare user's personal capacity to act in all spheres of life taking account of environmental factors with regard to the social, cultural, physical and institutional setting, identifying biomechanical, motoric, sensory/perceptive, cognitive and psychosocial skills and competences of the healthcare user.
- Comply with legislation related to health care
Comply with the regional and national legislation that is relevant to one`s work and apply it in practice.
- Advise on environmental alterations
Advise on environmental alterations in the home and workplace to accommodate patients, such as wheelchair accessibility.
- Communicate effectively in healthcare
Communicate effectively with patients, families and other caregivers, health care professionals, and community partners.
- Facilitate healthcare user's engagement in occupations
Identify meaningful and healthy occupations and strategies in partnership with the healthcare user, to enable him to reach his goals.
- Accept own accountability
Accept accountability for one`s own professional activities and recognise the limits of one`s own scope of practice and competencies.
- Advise on healthcare users' informed consent
Ensure patients/clients are fully informed about the risks and benefits of proposed treatments so they can give informed consent, engaging patients/clients in the process of their care and treatment.
- Undertake healthcare examination
Assess the healthcare user's physical state, taking detailed information on previous injuries, surgery, general health, resources and lifestyle into account.
- Apply techniques of occupational therapy
Apply occupational therapy techniques, such as retraining, and splinting in the rehabilitation and recovery of patients, and advising patients on their daily activities.
- Exercise patience
Have patience by dealing with unexpected delays or other waiting periods without becoming annoyed or anxious.
- Contribute to continuity of health care
Contribute to the delivery of coordinated and continuous healthcare.
- Provide assistive technology
Provide persons with assistive technology to enable them to perform activities more functionally.
- Develop a rehabilitation programme
Develop a rehabilitation programme to help patients rebuild their skills and restore their confidence.
- Monitor patients' progress related to treatment
Observe and report on healthcare users' response to medical treatment, monitoring their progress or decay on a daily basis and modifying the treatment procedures whenever necessary.
- Use e-health and mobile health technologies
Use mobile health technologies and e-health (online applications and services) in order to enhance the provided healthcare.
- Perform occupation analyses
Perform an occupation analysis with regard to how an activity is experienced by an individual, taking into account the influences on performance.
- Apply context specific clinical competences
Apply professional and evidence based assessment, goal setting, delivery of intervention and evaluation of clients, taking into account the developmental and contextual history of the clients, within one`s own scope of practice.
- Deal with emergency care situations
Assess the signs and be well-prepared for a situation that poses an immediate threat to a person's health, security, property or environment.
- Work in multidisciplinary health teams
Participate in the delivery of multidisciplinary health care, and understand the rules and competences of other healthcare related professions.
- Use techniques to increase patients' motivation
Encourage the patient`s motivation to change and promote the belief that therapy can help, using techniques and treatment engagement procedures for this purpose.
- Develop a collaborative therapeutic relationship
Develop a mutually collaborative therapeutic relationship during treatment, fostering and gaining healthcare users' trust and cooperation.
- Manage healthcare users' data
Keep accurate client records which also satisfy legal and professional standards and ethical obligations in order to facilitate client management, ensuring that all clients' data (including verbal, written and electronic) are treated confidentially.
- Follow clinical guidelines
Follow agreed protocols and guidelines in support of healthcare practice which are provided by healthcare institutions, professional associations, or authorities and also scientific organisations.
- Use computer programs to improve patients' skills
Use specialised computer programs to help patients improve skills they use in their daily lives, working on decision-making, abstract reasoning, memory, sequencing, coordination, problem-solving, and perceptual skills.
- Assess risks for the elderly
Visit the patient`s home to identify environmental factors that contribute to falls or other injuries of the elderly present.
- Comply with quality standards related to healthcare practice
Apply quality standards related to risk management, safety procedures, patients feedback, screening and medical devices in daily practice, as they are recognized by the national professional associations and authorities.
- Listen actively
Give attention to what other people say, patiently understand points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times; able to listen carefully the needs of customers, clients, passengers, service users or others, and provide solutions accordingly.
- Provide health education
Provide evidence based strategies to promote healthy living, disease prevention and management.
- Apply organisational techniques
Employ a set of organisational techniques and procedures which facilitate the achievement of the set goals set such as detailed planning of personnel's schedules. Use these resources efficiently and sustainably, and show flexibility when required.
- Remediate healthcare user's occupational performance
Remediate or restore the cognitive, sensorimotor, or psychosocial components of the healthcare user`s occupational performance.
- Encourage healthcare user's self-monitoring
Encourage the healthcare user to engage in self-monitoring by conducting situational and developmental analyses on him- or herself. Assist the healthcare user to develop a degree of self-critique and self-analysis in regards to his behaviour, actions, relationships and self-awareness.
- Work in a multicultural environment in health care
Interact, relate and communicate with individuals from a variety of different cultures, when working in a healthcare environment.
- Promote inclusion
Promote inclusion in health care and social services and respect diversity of beliefs, culture, values and preferences, keeping in mind the importance of equality and diversity issues.
- Educate on the prevention of illness
Offer evidence-based advice on how to avoid ill health, educate and advise individuals and their carers on how to prevent ill health and/or be able to advise how to improve their environment and health conditions. Provide advice on the identification of risks leading to ill health and help to increase the patients' resilience by targeting prevention and early intervention strategies.