Profession archaeologist

Archaeologists investigate and describe the structure of societies, the origin and evolution of societies, and the interdependence between environmental conditions and human activities. They trace this development through the material remains.

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Personality Type

  • Investigative / Artistic
  • Investigative / Realistic

Related professions museum

  • Gallery technician
  • Museum curator
  • Museum guide
  • Museum manager
  • Museum technician


  • Scientific modelling

    Scientific activity consisting in selecting the relevant aspects of a situation and aiming to represent physical processes, empirical objects and phenomena to allow a better understanding, visualisation or quantification, and to enable simulation that shows how this particular subject would behave under given circumstances.

  • Source criticism

    Process of classifying various informational sources into different categories such as historical and non-historical, or primary and secondary, and evaluating those sources on the basis of their content, material features, authors etc.

  • Scientific research methodology

    The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.

  • History

    The discipline that studies, analyses, and presents the events of the past related to humans.

  • Archaeology

    The study of the recovery and examination of material culture left behind from human activity in the past.

  • Cultural history

    Field that combines historical and anthropological approaches for recording and studying past customs, arts, and manners of a group of people taking into account their political, cultural, and social milieu.

  • Excavation techniques

    The methods to remove rock and soil, used in an excavation site and the associated risks.


  • Execute analytical mathematical calculations

    Apply mathematical methods and make use of calculation technologies in order to perform analyses and devise solutions to specific problems.

  • Write scientific papers

    Present the hypothesis, findings, and conclusions of your scientific research in your field of expertise in a professional publication.

  • Do historical research

    Use scientific methods to research history and culture.

  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

Optional knowledge and skills

epigraphy conduct land surveys perform underwater investigations architectural conservation work on excavation site record archaeological finds collect samples for analysis geological time scale osteology use geographic information systems supervise projects for the conservation of heritage buildings study ancient inscriptions geology collect data using gps conservation techniques write research proposals develop scientific theories assess conservation needs oversee excavation organise an exhibition art history create collection conservation plan geographic information systems perform laboratory tests surveying conduct field work assist with geophysical surveys identify archaeological finds archaeobotany study aerial photos anthropology

Common job titles

  • Archaeologist (oer), b
  • Preservation programs associate
  • Archeological aid / technician
  • Archaeological field technician
  • Archaeological assistant - fort polk, la
  • Architectural historian
  • Associate land use/environmental planner
  • Deputy state archaeologist - land
  • Right of way agent