Profession archaeologist

Archaeologists research and study past civilisations and settlements through collecting and inspecting material remains. They analyse and draw conclusions on a wide array of matters such as hierarchy systems, linguistics, culture, and politics based on the study of objects, structures, fossils, relics, and artifacts left behind by these peoples. Archaeologists utilise various interdisciplinary methods such as stratigraphy, typology, 3D analysis, mathematics, and modelling.

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Personality Type

Knowledge

  • Excavation techniques

    The methods to remove rock and soil, used in an excavation site and the associated risks.

  • History

    The discipline that studies, analyses, and presents the events of the past related to humans.

  • Scientific modelling

    Scientific activity consisting in selecting the relevant aspects of a situation and aiming to represent physical processes, empirical objects and phenomena to allow a better understanding, visualisation or quantification, and to enable simulation that shows how this particular subject would behave under given circumstances.

  • Scientific research methodology

    The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.

  • Source criticism

    Process of classifying various informational sources into different categories such as historical and non-historical, or primary and secondary, and evaluating those sources on the basis of their content, material features, authors etc.

  • Cultural history

    Field that combines historical and anthropological approaches for recording and studying past customs, arts, and manners of a group of people taking into account their political, cultural, and social milieu.

  • Archaeology

    The study of the recovery and examination of material culture left behind from human activity in the past.

Skills

  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

  • Execute analytical mathematical calculations

    Apply mathematical methods and make use of calculation technologies in order to perform analyses and devise solutions to specific problems.

  • Write scientific papers

    Present the hypothesis, findings, and conclusions of your scientific research in your field of expertise in a professional publication.

  • Do historical research

    Use scientific methods to research history and culture.

Optional knowledge and skills

organise an exhibition archaeobotany art history geographic information systems develop scientific theories surveying oversee excavation conduct land surveys collect samples for analysis assess conservation needs write research proposals identify archaeological finds architectural conservation create collection conservation plan osteology conduct field work geology perform underwater investigations assist with geophysical surveys geological time scale anthropology work on excavation site epigraphy supervise projects for the conservation of heritage buildings use geographic information systems conservation techniques study ancient inscriptions collect data using gps record archaeological finds study aerial photos perform laboratory tests

Source: Sisyphus ODB