Profession archaeologist

Archaeologists research and study past civilisations and settlements through collecting and inspecting material remains. They analyse and draw conclusions on a wide array of matters such as hierarchy systems, linguistics, culture, and politics based on the study of objects, structures, fossils, relics, and artifacts left behind by these peoples. Archaeologists utilise various interdisciplinary methods such as stratigraphy, typology, 3D analysis, mathematics, and modelling.

Would you like to know what kind of career and professions suit you best? Take our free Holland code career test and find out.

Personality Type

  • Investigative / Realistic

Knowledge

  • History

    The discipline that studies, analyses, and presents the events of the past related to humans.

  • Scientific research methodology

    The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.

  • Archaeology

    The study of the recovery and examination of material culture left behind from human activity in the past.

  • Excavation techniques

    The methods to remove rock and soil, used in an excavation site and the associated risks.

  • Source criticism

    Process of classifying various informational sources into different categories such as historical and non-historical, or primary and secondary, and evaluating those sources on the basis of their content, material features, authors etc.

  • Cultural history

    Field that combines historical and anthropological approaches for recording and studying past customs, arts, and manners of a group of people taking into account their political, cultural, and social milieu.

  • Scientific modelling

    Scientific activity consisting in selecting the relevant aspects of a situation and aiming to represent physical processes, empirical objects and phenomena to allow a better understanding, visualisation or quantification, and to enable simulation that shows how this particular subject would behave under given circumstances.

Skills

  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

  • Do historical research

    Use scientific methods to research history and culture.

  • Write scientific papers

    Present the hypothesis, findings, and conclusions of your scientific research in your field of expertise in a professional publication.

  • Execute analytical mathematical calculations

    Apply mathematical methods and make use of calculation technologies in order to perform analyses and devise solutions to specific problems.

Optional knowledge and skills

anthropology architectural conservation use geographic information systems collect data using gps write research proposals develop scientific theories organise an exhibition work on excavation site geological time scale assist with geophysical surveys surveying collect samples for analysis oversee excavation perform underwater investigations record archaeological finds archaeobotany supervise projects for the conservation of heritage buildings study ancient inscriptions epigraphy osteology conservation techniques study aerial photos perform laboratory tests conduct field work geographic information systems identify archaeological finds create collection conservation plan conduct land surveys assess conservation needs geology art history