Profession biomedical scientist

Biomedical scientists perform all laboratory methods required as part of medical examination, treatment and research activities, particularly clinical-chemical, haematological, immuno-haematological, histological, cytological, microbiological, parasitological, mycological, serological and radiological tests. Biomedical Scientists may apply these methods in particular in the fields of haematology, haemostaseology, histology, immunohaematology, immunology, clinical chemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, cell culturing, cytology and functional diagnostic examinations.

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Personality Type

  • Realistic / Investigative


  • Biosafety in biomedical laboratory

    The principles and methods for managing infectious materials in the laboratory environment, biosafety levels, classification and risk assessment, pathogenicity and toxicity of a living organism and their possible hazards in order to minimise any risks for human health and the environment.

  • Epidemiology

    The branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution and control of diseases. The disease aetiology, transmission, outbreak investigation, and comparisons of treatment effects.

  • Molecular biology

    The interactions between the various systems of a cell, the interactions between the different types of genetic material and how these interactions are regulated.

  • Clinical biochemistry

    The various types of tests performed on bodily fluids such as electrolytes, renal function tests, liver function tests or minerals.

  • Biomedical techniques

    The various methods and techniques used in biomedical laboratory such as molecular and biomedical techniques, imaging techniques, genetic engineering, electrophysiology techniques and in silico techniques.

  • Pathology

    The components of a disease, the cause, mechanisms of development, morphologic changes, and the clinical consequences of those changes.

  • Diagnostic methods in medical laboratory

    The various types of diagnostic methods in the medical laboratory such as clinical-chemical methods, haematological methods, immune-haematological methods, histological methods, cytological methods and micro-biological methods.

  • Biomedical science

    The principles of the natural sciences applied to medicine. Medical sciences such as medical microbiology and clinical virology apply biology principles for medical knowledge and invention.

  • Health care occupation-specific ethics

    The moral standards and procedures, ethical questions and obligations specific to occupations in a health care setting such as respect for human dignity, self-determination, informed consent and patient confidentiality.

  • Laboratory methods in biomedical sciences

    The types, characteristics and procedures of laboratory techniques used for a wide range of medical tests such as serological tests.

  • Biomedical scientists' role in health care system

    The roles and responsibilities of a biomedical scientist under the health care regulation system.

  • Medical informatics

    The processes and tools used for the analysis and dissemination of medical data through computerized systems.

  • Biostatistics

    The methods used to apply statistics in biology-related topics.

  • Techniques of blood-sampling

    The appropriate techniques for the collection of blood samples for laboratory work purposes, depending on the group of people targeted such as children or elderly.

  • Microscopic techniques

    The techniques, functions and limitations of microscopy to visualise objects that cannot be seen with the normal eye.

  • Histology

    The microscopic analysis of cells and tissues.

  • Biology

    Tissues, cells, and functions of plant and animal organisms and their interdependencies and interactions with each other and the environment.

  • Biological haematology

    Biological haematology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.

  • Health care legislation

    The patients` rights and responsibilities of health practitioners and the possible repercussions and prosecutions in relation to medical treatment negligence or malpractice.

  • Immunology

    Immunology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.

  • Hygiene in a health care setting

    The procedures related to maintaining a hygienic environment within a health care setting such as hospitals and clinics. It can range from hand washing to cleaning and disinfection of medical equipment used and infection control methods.

  • Biological chemistry

    Biological chemistry is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.

  • Radiation protection

    The measures and procedures used to protect people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.

  • Clinical cytology

    The science of the formation, structure, and function of cells.

  • Manage healthcare staff

    The managerial tasks and responsibilities required in a health care setting.

  • Human anatomy

    The dynamic relationship of human structure and function and the muscosceletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary, reproductive, integumentary and nervous systems; normal and altered anatomy and physiology throughout the human lifespan.

  • Cross-matching techniques for blood transfusions

    The testing methods used prior to a blood transfusion to identify if the donor`s blood is compatible with the blood of a specific recipient.

  • Embryology

    The normal development of the embryo, the aetiology of developmental anomalies such as genetic aspects and organogenesis and the natural history of abnormalities diagnosed before birth.

  • Automated analysers in the medical laboratory

    The methods used to introduce samples into the laboratory instrument that analyses biological samples for diagnosis purpose.

  • Chemistry

    The composition, structure, and properties of substances and the processes and transformations that they undergo; the uses of different chemicals and their interactions, production techniques, risk factors, and disposal methods.

  • Medical genetics

    The diagnosis, types and treatment of hereditary disorders; a type of genetics which refers to the application to medical care.

  • Microbiology-bacteriology

    Microbiology-Bacteriology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.

  • Bioethics

    The implications of various ethical issues related to the new advancements in biotechnology and medicine such as human experimentation.

  • Blood transfusion

    The procedures involved in blood transfusions, including compatibility and disease testing, by means of which blood is transferred into blood vessels, taken from donors with the same blood type.

  • Clinical microbiology

    The science of identifying and isolating organisms that cause infectious diseases.

  • Immunohaematology

    The reactions of antibodies in relation to the pathogenesis and manifestation of blood disorders.

  • Transplantation

    The principles of organ and tissue transplantation, the principles of transplant immunology, immunosuppression, donation and procurement of tissue, and indications for organ transplantation.

  • Analytical methods in biomedical sciences

    The various research, mathematical or analytical methods used in biomedical sciences.

  • Toxicology

    The negative effects of chemicals on living organisms, their dose and exposure.

  • Professional documentation in health care

    The written standards applied in the health care professional environments for documentation purposes of one`s activity.

  • Biophysics

    The characteristics of biophysics which span across various fields, using methods from physics in order to study biological elements.

  • Clinical immunology

    The pathology of a disease in relation to its immune response and immune system.

  • Histopathology

    The procedures needed for the microscopic examination of stained tissue sections using histological techniques.

  • Human physiology

    The science of the mechanical, physical, bioelectrical and biochemical functions of humans, their organs and cells in good health.

  • Medical terminology

    The meaning of medical terms and abbreviations, of medical prescriptions and various medical specialties and when to use it correctly.


  • Record data from biomedical tests

    Use information technology to accurately record and analyse data from biomedical tests, writing reports on the data and sharing results with the appropriate persons.

  • Follow clinical guidelines

    Follow agreed protocols and guidelines in support of healthcare practice which are provided by healthcare institutions, professional associations, or authorities and also scientific organisations.

  • Manage infection control in the facility

    Implement a set of measures to prevent and control infections, formulating and establishing health and safety procedures and policies.

  • Provide health education

    Provide evidence based strategies to promote healthy living, disease prevention and management.

  • Educate on the prevention of illness

    Offer evidence-based advice on how to avoid ill health, educate and advise individuals and their carers on how to prevent ill health and/or be able to advise how to improve their environment and health conditions. Provide advice on the identification of risks leading to ill health and help to increase the patients' resilience by targeting prevention and early intervention strategies.

  • Inform policy makers on health-related challenges

    Provide useful information related to health care professions to ensure policy decisions are made in the benefit of communities.

  • Carry out biopsy

    Perform a microscopic examination of surgical tissues and specimens, obtained during surgery, such as a breast lump biopsy obtained during mastectomy as well as those submitted by non-surgeons.

  • Perform toxicological studies

    Perform tests to detect poisons or drug misuse and help to monitor therapy by using chemical reagents, enzymes, radioisotopes and antibodies to detect abnormal chemical concentrations in the body.

  • Manage healthcare users' data

    Keep accurate client records which also satisfy legal and professional standards and ethical obligations in order to facilitate client management, ensuring that all clients' data (including verbal, written and electronic) are treated confidentially.

  • Listen actively

    Give attention to what other people say, patiently understand points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times; able to listen carefully the needs of customers, clients, passengers, service users or others, and provide solutions accordingly.

  • Apply context specific clinical competences

    Apply professional and evidence based assessment, goal setting, delivery of intervention and evaluation of clients, taking into account the developmental and contextual history of the clients, within one`s own scope of practice.

  • Validate biomedical analysis results

    Clinically validate the results of the biomedical analysis, according to the expertise and authorization level.

  • Apply good clinical practices

    Ensure compliance with and application of the ethical and scientific quality standards used to conduct, record and report clinical trials that involve human participation, at an international level.

  • Comply with quality standards related to healthcare practice

    Apply quality standards related to risk management, safety procedures, patients feedback, screening and medical devices in daily practice, as they are recognized by the national professional associations and authorities.

  • Monitor the effects of medication

    Carry out tests on laboratory cultures to determine the effects of medication and other programmes of treatment.

  • Adhere to organisational guidelines

    Adhere to organisational or department specific standards and guidelines. Understand the motives of the organisation and the common agreements and act accordingly.

  • Maintain medical laboratory equipment

    Regularly check the condition of medical laboratory equipment used, clean, and perform maintenance operations, as necessary.

  • Label medical laboratory samples

    Correctly label samples of the medical laboratory with the accurate information, according to the implemented quality system in place.

  • Deal with emergency care situations

    Assess the signs and be well-prepared for a situation that poses an immediate threat to a person's health, security, property or environment.  

  • Provide treatment strategies for challenges to human health

    Identify possible treatment protocols for the challenges to human health within a given community in cases such as infectious diseases of high consequences at the global level.

  • Promote inclusion

    Promote inclusion in health care and social services and respect diversity of beliefs, culture, values and preferences, keeping in mind the importance of equality and diversity issues.

  • Apply safety procedures in laboratory

    Make sure that laboratory equipment is used in a safe manner and the handling of samples and specimens is correct. Work to ensure the validity of results obtained in research.

  • Communicate effectively in healthcare

    Communicate effectively with patients, families and other caregivers, health care professionals, and community partners.

  • Keep up to date with diagnostic innovations

    Keep up to date with diagnostic innovations and apply newest methods of examination.

  • Accept own accountability

    Accept accountability for one`s own professional activities and recognise the limits of one`s own scope of practice and competencies.

  • Apply health sciences

    Apply a broad range of bio-medical, psycho-social, organisational, educational, and societal aspects of health, disease, and healthcare to improve healthcare services and to improve quality of life.

  • Apply scientific methods

    Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.

  • Support blood transfusion services

    Support blood transfusions and transplants through blood grouping and matching.

  • Develop a collaborative therapeutic relationship

    Develop a mutually collaborative therapeutic relationship during treatment, fostering and gaining healthcare users' trust and cooperation.

  • Apply organisational techniques

    Employ a set of organisational techniques and procedures which facilitate the achievement of the set goals set such as detailed planning of personnel's schedules. Use these resources efficiently and sustainably, and show flexibility when required.

  • Work in multidisciplinary health teams

    Participate in the delivery of multidisciplinary health care, and understand the rules and competences of other healthcare related professions.

  • Analyse cell cultures

    Analyse cell cultures grown from tissue samples, performing also screening of the cervical smear to detect fertility issues.

  • Contribute to continuity of health care

    Contribute to the delivery of coordinated and continuous healthcare.

  • Provide test results to medical staff

    Record and pass test results to medical staff, who use the information to diagnose and treat patient`s illness.

  • Comply with legislation related to health care

    Comply with the regional and national legislation that is relevant to one`s work and apply it in practice.

  • Respond to changing situations in health care

    Cope with pressure and respond appropriately and in time to unexpected and rapidly changing situations in healthcare.

  • Interact with healthcare users

    Communicate with clients and their carer’s, with the patient’s permission, to keep them informed about the clients’ and patients’ progress and safeguarding confidentiality.

  • Perform screening for infectious diseases

    Screen and test for infectious diseases, such as rubella or hepatitis. Identify micro-organisms causing disease.

  • Implement quality control procedures for biomedical tests

    Follow quality control procedures, both internal and external, to make sure results from biomedical tests are accurate.

  • Conduct health related research

    Conduct research in health related topics and communicate findings orally, through public presentations or by writing reports and other publications.

  • Use e-health and mobile health technologies

    Use mobile health technologies and e-health (online applications and services) in order to enhance the provided healthcare.

  • Advise on healthcare users' informed consent

    Ensure patients/clients are fully informed about the risks and benefits of proposed treatments so they can give informed consent, engaging patients/clients in the process of their care and treatment.

  • Work in a multicultural environment in health care

    Interact, relate and communicate with individuals from a variety of different cultures, when working in a healthcare environment.

  • Assist in the production of laboratory documentation

    Assist in documenting laboratory work, especially paying attention to policies and standard operating procedures.

  • Analyse body fluids

    Test samples from human bodily fluids like blood and urine for enzymes, hormones, and other constituents, identifying blood types and determining whether donor blood is compatible with the recipient.

Optional knowledge and skills

apply numeracy skills create solutions to problems employ foreign languages for health-related research employ foreign languages in care conduct training on biomedical equipment first aid medical device vigilance reporting systems ensure safety of healthcare users monitor biomedical equipment stock pedagogy empathise with the healthcare user have computer literacy collect biological samples from patients

Common job titles

  • Postdoctoral fellow
  • Senior scientist
  • Research scientist i, bioinformatics
  • Phd scientist: oncology biotherapeutics
  • Research scientist
  • Molecular and cellular biology research associate/scientist job
  • Applications scientist
  • Clinical lab scientist
  • Prin. scientist
  • Clinical lab scientist (medical technologist / medical lab scientist)