Profession biomedical scientist
Biomedical scientists perform all laboratory methods required as part of medical examination, treatment and research activities, particularly clinical-chemical, haematological, immuno-haematological, histological, cytological, microbiological, parasitological, mycological, serological and radiological tests. They perform analytical sample testing and report the results to the medical staff for further diagnosis. Biomedical Scientists may apply these methods in particular in the infection, blood or cellular sciences.
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- Investigative / Realistic
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- Blood transfusion
The procedures involved in blood transfusions, including compatibility and disease testing, by means of which blood is transferred into blood vessels, taken from donors with the same blood type.
- Clinical microbiology
The science of identifying and isolating organisms that cause infectious diseases.
- Analytical methods in biomedical sciences
The various research, mathematical or analytical methods used in biomedical sciences.
The methods used to apply statistics in biology-related topics.
The procedures needed for the microscopic examination of stained tissue sections using histological techniques.
- Biomedical techniques
The various methods and techniques used in biomedical laboratory such as molecular and biomedical techniques, imaging techniques, genetic engineering, electrophysiology techniques and in silico techniques.
- Biosafety in biomedical laboratory
The principles and methods for managing infectious materials in the laboratory environment, biosafety levels, classification and risk assessment, pathogenicity and toxicity of a living organism and their possible hazards in order to minimise any risks for human health and the environment.
- Radiation protection
The measures and procedures used to protect people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
The components of a disease, the cause, mechanisms of development, morphologic changes, and the clinical consequences of those changes.
- Biological haematology
Biological haematology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Automated analysers in the medical laboratory
The methods used to introduce samples into the laboratory instrument that analyses biological samples for diagnosis purpose.
- Manage healthcare staff
The managerial tasks and responsibilities required in a health care setting.
- Medical terminology
The meaning of medical terms and abbreviations, of medical prescriptions and various medical specialties and when to use it correctly.
- Professional documentation in health care
The written standards applied in the health care professional environments for documentation purposes of one`s activity.
The branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution and control of diseases. The disease aetiology, transmission, outbreak investigation, and comparisons of treatment effects.
- Diagnostic methods in medical laboratory
The various types of diagnostic methods in the medical laboratory such as clinical-chemical methods, haematological methods, immune-haematological methods, histological methods, cytological methods and micro-biological methods.
- Human anatomy
The dynamic relationship of human structure and function and the muscosceletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary, reproductive, integumentary and nervous systems; normal and altered anatomy and physiology throughout the human lifespan.
- Medical informatics
The processes and tools used for the analysis and dissemination of medical data through computerized systems.
The composition, structure, and properties of substances and the processes and transformations that they undergo; the uses of different chemicals and their interactions, production techniques, risk factors, and disposal methods.
- Hygiene in a health care setting
The procedures related to maintaining a hygienic environment within a health care setting such as hospitals and clinics. It can range from hand washing to cleaning and disinfection of medical equipment used and infection control methods.
- Techniques of blood-sampling
The appropriate techniques for the collection of blood samples for laboratory work purposes, depending on the group of people targeted such as children or elderly.
The normal development of the embryo, the aetiology of developmental anomalies such as genetic aspects and organogenesis and the natural history of abnormalities diagnosed before birth.
The microscopic analysis of cells and tissues.
The negative effects of chemicals on living organisms, their dose and exposure.
Microbiology-Bacteriology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Biological chemistry
Biological chemistry is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
The reactions of antibodies in relation to the pathogenesis and manifestation of blood disorders.
- Laboratory methods in biomedical sciences
The types, characteristics and procedures of laboratory techniques used for a wide range of medical tests such as serological tests.
- Cross-matching techniques for blood transfusions
The testing methods used prior to a blood transfusion to identify if the donor`s blood is compatible with the blood of a specific recipient.
- Clinical biochemistry
The various types of tests performed on bodily fluids such as electrolytes, renal function tests, liver function tests or minerals.
- Clinical cytology
The science of the formation, structure, and function of cells.
- Medical genetics
The diagnosis, types and treatment of hereditary disorders; a type of genetics which refers to the application to medical care.
- Human physiology
The science of the mechanical, physical, bioelectrical and biochemical functions of humans, their organs and cells in good health.
- Molecular biology
The interactions between the various systems of a cell, the interactions between the different types of genetic material and how these interactions are regulated.
- Health care occupation-specific ethics
The moral standards and procedures, ethical questions and obligations specific to occupations in a health care setting such as respect for human dignity, self-determination, informed consent and patient confidentiality.
Immunology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
Tissues, cells, and functions of plant and animal organisms and their interdependencies and interactions with each other and the environment.
- Biomedical scientists' role in health care system
The roles and responsibilities of a biomedical scientist under the health care regulation system.
The implications of various ethical issues related to the new advancements in biotechnology and medicine such as human experimentation.
- Biomedical science
The principles of the natural sciences applied to medicine. Medical sciences such as medical microbiology and clinical virology apply biology principles for medical knowledge and invention.
- Health care legislation
The patients` rights and responsibilities of health practitioners and the possible repercussions and prosecutions in relation to medical treatment negligence or malpractice.
The principles of organ and tissue transplantation, the principles of transplant immunology, immunosuppression, donation and procurement of tissue, and indications for organ transplantation.
- Clinical immunology
The pathology of a disease in relation to its immune response and immune system.
The characteristics of biophysics which span across various fields, using methods from physics in order to study biological elements.
- Microscopic techniques
The techniques, functions and limitations of microscopy to visualise objects that cannot be seen with the normal eye.
- Apply organisational techniques
Employ a set of organisational techniques and procedures which facilitate the achievement of the set goals set such as detailed planning of personnel's schedules. Use these resources efficiently and sustainably, and show flexibility when required.
- Interact with healthcare users
Communicate with clients and their carer’s, with the patient’s permission, to keep them informed about the clients’ and patients’ progress and safeguarding confidentiality.
- Listen actively
Give attention to what other people say, patiently understand points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times; able to listen carefully the needs of customers, clients, passengers, service users or others, and provide solutions accordingly.
- Provide treatment strategies for challenges to human health
Identify possible treatment protocols for the challenges to human health within a given community in cases such as infectious diseases of high consequences at the global level.
- Apply good clinical practices
Ensure compliance with and application of the ethical and scientific quality standards used to conduct, record and report clinical trials that involve human participation, at an international level.
- Work in a multicultural environment in health care
Interact, relate and communicate with individuals from a variety of different cultures, when working in a healthcare environment.
- Adhere to organisational guidelines
Adhere to organisational or department specific standards and guidelines. Understand the motives of the organisation and the common agreements and act accordingly.
- Use e-health and mobile health technologies
Use mobile health technologies and e-health (online applications and services) in order to enhance the provided healthcare.
- Accept own accountability
Accept accountability for one`s own professional activities and recognise the limits of one`s own scope of practice and competencies.
- Apply scientific methods
Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
- Follow clinical guidelines
Follow agreed protocols and guidelines in support of healthcare practice which are provided by healthcare institutions, professional associations, or authorities and also scientific organisations.
- Apply context specific clinical competences
Apply professional and evidence based assessment, goal setting, delivery of intervention and evaluation of clients, taking into account the developmental and contextual history of the clients, within one`s own scope of practice.
- Carry out biopsy
Perform a microscopic examination of surgical tissues and specimens, obtained during surgery, such as a breast lump biopsy obtained during mastectomy as well as those submitted by non-surgeons.
- Develop a collaborative therapeutic relationship
Develop a mutually collaborative therapeutic relationship during treatment, fostering and gaining healthcare users' trust and cooperation.
- Comply with quality standards related to healthcare practice
Apply quality standards related to risk management, safety procedures, patients feedback, screening and medical devices in daily practice, as they are recognized by the national professional associations and authorities.
- Provide health education
Provide evidence based strategies to promote healthy living, disease prevention and management.
- Validate biomedical analysis results
Clinically validate the results of the biomedical analysis, according to the expertise and authorization level.
- Assist in the production of laboratory documentation
Assist in documenting laboratory work, especially paying attention to policies and standard operating procedures.
- Educate on the prevention of illness
Offer evidence-based advice on how to avoid ill health, educate and advise individuals and their carers on how to prevent ill health and/or be able to advise how to improve their environment and health conditions. Provide advice on the identification of risks leading to ill health and help to increase the patients' resilience by targeting prevention and early intervention strategies.
- Manage infection control in the facility
Implement a set of measures to prevent and control infections, formulating and establishing health and safety procedures and policies.
- Apply safety procedures in laboratory
Make sure that laboratory equipment is used in a safe manner and the handling of samples and specimens is correct. Work to ensure the validity of results obtained in research.
- Keep up to date with diagnostic innovations
Keep up to date with diagnostic innovations and apply newest methods of examination.
- Maintain medical laboratory equipment
Regularly check the condition of medical laboratory equipment used, clean, and perform maintenance operations, as necessary.
- Monitor the effects of medication
Carry out tests on laboratory cultures to determine the effects of medication and other programmes of treatment.
- Deal with emergency care situations
Assess the signs and be well-prepared for a situation that poses an immediate threat to a person's health, security, property or environment.
- Conduct health related research
Conduct research in health related topics and communicate findings orally, through public presentations or by writing reports and other publications.
- Contribute to continuity of health care
Contribute to the delivery of coordinated and continuous healthcare.
- Apply health sciences
Apply a broad range of bio-medical, psycho-social, organisational, educational, and societal aspects of health, disease, and healthcare to improve healthcare services and to improve quality of life.
- Promote inclusion
Promote inclusion in health care and social services and respect diversity of beliefs, culture, values and preferences, keeping in mind the importance of equality and diversity issues.
- Provide test results to medical staff
Record and pass test results to medical staff, who use the information to diagnose and treat patient`s illness.
- Comply with legislation related to health care
Comply with the regional and national legislation that is relevant to one`s work and apply it in practice.
- Work in multidisciplinary health teams
Participate in the delivery of multidisciplinary health care, and understand the rules and competences of other healthcare related professions.
- Perform screening for infectious diseases
Screen and test for infectious diseases, such as rubella or hepatitis. Identify micro-organisms causing disease.
- Label medical laboratory samples
Correctly label samples of the medical laboratory with the accurate information, according to the implemented quality system in place.
- Communicate effectively in healthcare
Communicate effectively with patients, families and other caregivers, health care professionals, and community partners.
- Manage healthcare users' data
Keep accurate client records which also satisfy legal and professional standards and ethical obligations in order to facilitate client management, ensuring that all clients' data (including verbal, written and electronic) are treated confidentially.
- Support blood transfusion services
Support blood transfusions and transplants through blood grouping and matching.
- Analyse cell cultures
Analyse cell cultures grown from tissue samples, performing also screening of the cervical smear to detect fertility issues.
- Respond to changing situations in health care
Cope with pressure and respond appropriately and in time to unexpected and rapidly changing situations in healthcare.
- Inform policy makers on health-related challenges
Provide useful information related to health care professions to ensure policy decisions are made in the benefit of communities.
- Advise on healthcare users' informed consent
Ensure patients/clients are fully informed about the risks and benefits of proposed treatments so they can give informed consent, engaging patients/clients in the process of their care and treatment.
- Record data from biomedical tests
Use information technology to accurately record and analyse data from biomedical tests, writing reports on the data and sharing results with the appropriate persons.
- Implement quality control procedures for biomedical tests
Follow quality control procedures, both internal and external, to make sure results from biomedical tests are accurate.
- Perform toxicological studies
Perform tests to detect poisons or drug misuse and help to monitor therapy by using chemical reagents, enzymes, radioisotopes and antibodies to detect abnormal chemical concentrations in the body.
- Analyse body fluids
Test samples from human bodily fluids like blood and urine for enzymes, hormones, and other constituents, identifying blood types and determining whether donor blood is compatible with the recipient.