Profession climatologist

Climatologists study the average change in weather and climate from a long-term perspective. They research and analyse historic weather conditions in order to forecast climatic conditions trends such as changes in temperature, global warming, or regional evolutive weather conditions. They use these findings for advising on environmental policy, construction, agricultural projects, and societal matters.

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Personality Type

  • Investigative / Conventional

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Knowledge

  • Scientific modelling

    Scientific activity consisting in selecting the relevant aspects of a situation and aiming to represent physical processes, empirical objects and phenomena to allow a better understanding, visualisation or quantification, and to enable simulation that shows how this particular subject would behave under given circumstances.

  • Scientific research methodology

    The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.

  • Climatology

    The scientific field of study that deals with researching average weather conditions over a specified period of time and how they affected nature on Earth.

  • Mathematics

    Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. It involves the identification of patterns and formulating new conjectures based on them. Mathematicians strive to prove the truth or falsity of these conjectures. There are many fields of mathematics, some of which are widely used for practical applications.

  • Statistics

    The study of statistical theory, methods and practices such as collection, organisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. It deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments in order to forecast and plan work-related activities.

  • Meteorology

    The scientific field of study that examines the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena, and atmospheric effects on our weather.

Skills

  • Apply statistical analysis techniques

    Use models (descriptive or inferential statistics) and techniques (data mining or machine learning) for statistical analysis and ICT tools to analyse data, uncover correlations and forecast trends.

  • Advise on weather-related issues

    Advise, on the basis weather analyses and forecasts, companies from various fields such as agriculture and forestry, transport, medicine, and construction.

  • Carry out meteorological research

    Participate in research activities on weather-related conditions and phenomena; study the physical and chemical characteristics and processes of the atmosphere; present research results in scientific journals.

  • Conduct research on climate processes

    Conduct research on the characteristic events occurring in the atmosphere during the interactions and transformations of various atmospheric components and conditions.

  • Collect weather-related data

    Gather data from satellites, radars, remote sensors, and weather stations in order to obtain information about weather conditions and phenomena.

  • Use measurement instruments

    Use different measurement instruments depending on the property to be measured. Utilise various instruments to measure length, area, volume, speed, energy, force, and others.

  • Apply scientific methods

    Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.

  • Execute analytical mathematical calculations

    Apply mathematical methods and make use of calculation technologies in order to perform analyses and devise solutions to specific problems.

  • Use data processing techniques

    Gather, process and analyse relevant data and information, properly store and update data and represent figures and data using charts and statistical diagrams.

  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

Optional knowledge and skills

use meteorological tools to forecast meteorological conditions use specialised computer models for weather forecasting collect samples for analysis analyse environmental data write scientific papers monitor aviation meteorology oceanography assess environmental impact aviation meteorology operate meteorological instruments design graphics geographic information systems design scientific equipment ict system programming geology use geographic information systems operate remote sensing equipment environmental policy calibrate electronic instruments develop environmental policy manage meteorological database determine historic climate changes palaeoclimatology develop models for weather forecast