Profession environmental geologist

Environmental geologists study how mineral operations may impact the composition and physical characteristics of the earth and its resources. They provide advice on issues such as land reclamation and environmental pollution.

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Personality Type

  • Investigative / Realistic
  • Realistic / Investigative


  • Environmental legislation

    The environmental policies and legislation applicable in a certain domain.


  • Use technical drawing software

    Create technical designs and technical drawings using specialised software.

  • Examine geochemical samples

    Analyse laboratory samples using equipment such as spectrometers, gas chromatographs, microscopes, microprobes and carbon analysers. Determine the age and characteristics of environmental samples such as minerals, rock or soil.

  • Develop site remediation strategies

    Conduct field studies and and provide advice on areas with polluted soil or groundwater at industrial sites and mining sites. Devise methods to store excavated soil. Develop strategies to rehabilitate exhausted mining sites back into a natural state.

  • Advise on mining environmental issues

    Collaborate with engineers, surveyors, geotechnical staff and metallurgists, involved in environmental protection and land rehabilitation after mining activities.

  • Conduct environmental site assessments

    Manage and oversee environmental site prospection and assessments for mining or industrial sites. Designate and demarcate areas for geochemical analysis and scientific research.

  • Manage environmental impact

    Implement measures to minimise the biological, chemical and physical impacts of mining activity on the environment.

  • Conduct sediment control

    Manage sediment control processes and projects. Plan sediment control actions to prevent eroded soil from polluting nearby waterways.

  • Conduct erosion control

    Manage erosion control processes and projects. Plan erosion control actions to control or prevent erosion from occurring and avoid water pollution or soil loss.

  • Study groundwater

    Prepare and conduct field studies in order to determine groundwater quality. Analyse and interpret maps, models and geographical data. Compose a picture of area groundwater and land contamination. File reports on issues with landfill groundwater, e.g. area pollution caused by coal combustion products.

  • Communicate on the environmental impact of mining

    Prepare talks, lectures, consultations with stakeholders and public hearings on environmental issues related to mining.

  • Address problems critically

    Identify the strengths and weaknesses of various abstract, rational concepts, such as issues, opinions, and approaches related to a specific problematic situation in order to formulate solutions and alternative methods of tackling the situation.

Optional knowledge and skills

chemistry communicate on minerals issues biology archaeology negotiate land access