Profession geneticist

Geneticists study and focus their research on genetics. They analyse the fashion in which genes interact, operate, and inherit traits and characteristics. Based on their research, they attend patients with inherited diseases and conditions, congenital malformations, and genetic matters at large.

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Personality Type

  • Investigative / Realistic
  • Investigative / Artistic
  • Investigative / Social


  • Genetic engineering

    Manipulation of the genetic material of an organism using methods that insert new DNA into or remove heritable material from the genome.

  • Scientific research methodology

    The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.

  • Biology

    Tissues, cells, and functions of plant and animal organisms and their interdependencies and interactions with each other and the environment.

  • Biotechnology

    Technology that utilises, modifies or harnesses biological systems, organisms, and cellular components to develop new technologies and products for specific uses.

  • Genetics

    The study of heredity, genes and variations in living organisms. Genetic science seeks to understand the process of trait inheritance from parents to offspring and the structure and behaviour of genes in living beings.

  • Medical genetics

    The diagnosis, types and treatment of hereditary disorders; a type of genetics which refers to the application to medical care.

  • Microbiology-bacteriology

    Microbiology-Bacteriology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.

  • Laboratory techniques

    Techniques applied in the different fields of natural science in order to obtain experimental data such as gravimetric analysis, gas chromatography, electronic or thermic methods.


  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

  • Interpret laboratory data in medical genetics

    Undertake diagnostic studies and biochemical genetic, cytogenetic, and molecular genetic analyses, interpreting the obtained laboratory data.

  • Perform laboratory tests

    Carry out tests in a laboratory to produce reliable and precise data to support scientific research and product testing.

  • Undertake research in medical genetics

    Undertake research to study patterns of genetic variation in human populations, the causes of these variations, and how they influence disease susceptibility, studying gene-gene and gene-environmental interactions in multifactorial diseases and chromosomal abnormalities, gene expression in early human development, and the influence of genes on behaviour.

  • Decide on type of genetic testing

    Find the appropriate tests for a particular patient, considering tests on molecular genetics, cytogenetics, and specialised biochemistry.

  • Report analysis results

    Produce research documents or give presentations to report the results of a conducted research and analysis project, indicating the analysis procedures and methods which led to the results, as well as potential interpretations of the results.

  • Evaluate genetic data

    Evaluate genetic data by applying statistical calculations and analysing the results.

  • Apply scientific methods

    Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.

Optional knowledge and skills

professional documentation in health care liaise with genetic laboratories general medicine write research proposals advise on prenatal diagnosis for genetic diseases botany virology maintain genetic registers biological chemistry analyse blood samples immunology develop scientific research protocols develop scientific theories histology take referrals for genetic testing pharmacology develop patient treatment strategies assess environmental impact provide genetic counselling embryology molecular biology undertake genetic risk assessment write scientific papers manage ethical dilemmas in genetic testing chemistry develop pharmaceutical drugs archive scientific documentation diagnose genetic diseases clinical cytology assist in clinical trials ecology provide technical expertise