Profession mathematician

Mathematicians conduct research and improve or develop mathematical concepts, theories and operational methods and techniques and advise on or engage in their practical application in such fields as engineering, business and social and other sciences.

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Personality Type

  • Conventional / Investigative
  • Investigative / Conventional

Related professions actuary

  • Actuarial clerk
  • Actuary
  • Mathematical technician
  • Operations research analyst


  • Scientific research methodology

    The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.

  • Algebra

    The subdiscipline of mathematics that uses formulae, symbols, and equations to represent and manipulate numbers and quantities.

  • Scientific modelling

    Scientific activity consisting in selecting the relevant aspects of a situation and aiming to represent physical processes, empirical objects and phenomena to allow a better understanding, visualisation or quantification, and to enable simulation that shows how this particular subject would behave under given circumstances.

  • Mathematics

    Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. It involves the identification of patterns and formulating new conjectures based on them. Mathematicians strive to prove the truth or falsity of these conjectures. There are many fields of mathematics, some of which are widely used for practical applications.

  • Statistics

    The study of statistical theory, methods and practices such as collection, organisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. It deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments in order to forecast and plan work-related activities.


  • Conduct quantitative research

    Execute a systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques.

  • Think analytically

    Produce thoughts using logic and reasoning in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

  • Use logical reasoning

    Use cognitive abilities to make decisions and to move logically from one idea to another.

  • Study the relationships between quantities

    Use numbers and symbols to research the link between quantities, magnitudes, and forms.

  • Use mathematical tools and equipment

    Use portable electronic device to perform both basic and complex operations of arithmetic.

  • Apply scientific methods

    Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.

  • Create solutions to problems

    Solve problems which arise in planning, prioritising, organising, directing/facilitating action and evaluating performance. Use systematic processes of collecting, analysing, and synthesising information to evaluate current practice and generate new understandings about practice.

  • Execute analytical mathematical calculations

    Apply mathematical methods and make use of calculation technologies in order to perform analyses and devise solutions to specific problems.

Optional knowledge and skills

perform lectures instrumentation engineering develop scientific theories write scientific papers prepare lesson content provide lesson materials statistical analysis system software algorithms assist scientific research metalogic develop financial statistics reports computer science philosophy develop statistical software set theory logic philosophy of mathematics perform scientific research sas language mechanical engineering use software tools for site modelling geometry carry out statistical forecasts apply statistical analysis techniques create software design

Common job titles

  • Mathematician
  • Data scientist, junior
  • Math curriculum designer
  • Computational scientist
  • Data scientist
  • Data scientist ts/sci with ci poly required
  • Research consultant - pco
  • Boundary layer and shallow cloud research scientist
  • Applied mathematics scientist
  • Research associate