Microbiologists study and research the life forms, characteristics, and processes of microscopic organisms. They study microorganisms such as bacteria, protozoa, fungi, etc. in order to diagnose and counteract the effects that these microorganisms might have in animals, in the environment, in the food industry, or in the health care industry.
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- Investigative / Realistic
- Investigative / Artistic
- Investigative / Social
- Medical genetics
The diagnosis, types and treatment of hereditary disorders; a type of genetics which refers to the application to medical care.
- Clinical cytology
The science of the formation, structure, and function of cells.
The taxonomy or classification of plant life, phylogeny and evolution, anatomy and morphology, and physiology.
Tissues, cells, and functions of plant and animal organisms and their interdependencies and interactions with each other and the environment.
Microbiology-Bacteriology is a medical specialty mentioned in the EU Directive 2005/36/EC.
- Pathogenic microorganisms
The main classes of pathogenic microorganisms, the spread of infection and the use of universal precautions.
The structure, characteristics, evolution and interactions of viruses and the diseases they cause.
- Molecular biology
The interactions between the various systems of a cell, the interactions between the different types of genetic material and how these interactions are regulated.
Technology that utilises, modifies or harnesses biological systems, organisms, and cellular components to develop new technologies and products for specific uses.
- Scientific research methodology
The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.
- Gather experimental data
Collect data resulting from the application of scientific methods such as test methods, experimental design or measurements.
- Collect biological data
Collect biological specimens, record and summarise biological data for use in technical studies, developing environmental management plans and biological products.
- Conduct research on fauna
Collect and analyse data about animal life in order to discover the basic aspects such as origin, anatomy, and function.
- Conduct research on flora
Collect and analyse data about plants in order to discover their basic aspects such as origin, anatomy, and function.
- Apply scientific methods
Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
- Send biological samples to laboratory
Forward collected biological samples to the concerned laboratory, following strict procedures related to the labeling and tracking of the information on the samples.
- Detect microorganisms
Use various laboratory methods and tools such as gene amplification and sequencing to detect and identify microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi in soil, air, and water samples.
- Perform scientific research
Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.
- Collect samples for analysis
Collect samples of materials or products for laboratory analysis.