Profession microsystem engineer

Microsystem engineers research, design, develop, and supervise the production of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), which can be integrated in mechanical, optical, acoustic, and electronic products.

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Personality Type

  • Investigative / Realistic
  • Realistic / Investigative

Knowledge

  • Electricity principles

    Electricity is created when electric current flows along a conductor. It entails the movement of free electrons between atoms. The more free electrons are present in a material, the better this material conducts. The three main parameters of electricity are the voltage, current (ampère), and resistance (ohm).

  • Environmental legislation

    The environmental policies and legislation applicable in a certain domain.

  • Electricity

    Understand the principles of electricity and electrical power circuits, as well as the associated risks.

  • Electronics

    The functioning of electronic circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including programming and applications. Apply this knowledge to ensure electronic equipment runs smoothly.

  • Microassembly

    The assembly of nano, micro or mesoscale systems and components with dimensions between 1 µm to 1 mm. Because of the need for precision on a microscale, micro assemblies require reliable visual alignment equipment, such as ion beam imaging systems and stereo electronic microscopes, as well as precision tools and machines, such as microgrippers. The microsystems are assembled according to techniques of doping, thin films, etching, bonding, microlithography, and polishing.

  • Environmental threats

    The threats for the environment which are related to biological, chemical, nuclear, radiological, and physical hazards.

  • Microsystem test procedures

    The methods of testing the quality, accuracy, and performance of microsystems and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and their materials and components before, during, and after the building of the systems, such as parametric tests and burn-in tests.

  • Electrical engineering

    Understand electrical engineering, a field of engineering that deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

  • Mechanical engineering

    Discipline that applies principles of physics, engineering and materials science to design, analyse, manufacture and maintain mechanical systems.

  • Physics

    Have a wide background of physics which is the natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force.

  • Design drawings

    Understand design drawings detailing the design of products, tools, and engineering systems.

  • Engineering principles

    The engineering elements like functionality, replicability, and costs in relation to the design and how they are applied in the completion of engineering projects.

  • Microelectromechanical systems

    Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) are miniaturised electromechanical systems made using processes of microfabrication. MEMS consist of microsensors, microactuators, microstructures, and microelectronics. MEMS can be used in a range of appliances, such as ink jet printer heads, digital light processors, gyroscopes in smart phones, accelerometers for airbags, and miniature microphones.

  • Mathematics

    Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. It involves the identification of patterns and formulating new conjectures based on them. Mathematicians strive to prove the truth or falsity of these conjectures. There are many fields of mathematics, some of which are widely used for practical applications.

Skills

  • Analyse test data

    Interpret and analyse data collected during testing in order to formulate conclusions, new insights or solutions.

  • Abide by regulations on banned materials

    Comply with regulations banning heavy metals in solder, flame retardants in plastics, and phthalate plasticisers in plastics and wiring harness insulations, under EU RoHS/WEEE Directives and China RoHS legislation.

  • Record test data

    Record data which has been identified specifically during preceding tests in order to verify that outputs of the test produce specific results or to review the reaction of the subject under exceptional or unusual input.

  • Prepare production prototypes

    Prepare early models or prototypes in order to test concepts and replicability possibilities. Create prototypes to assess for pre-production tests.

  • Perform data analysis

    Collect data and statistics to test and evaluate in order to generate assertions and pattern predictions, with the aim of discovering useful information in a decision-making process.

  • Read engineering drawings

    Read the technical drawings of a product made by the engineer in order to suggest improvements, make models of the product or operate it.

  • Design prototypes

    Design prototypes of products or components of products by applying design and engineering principles.

  • Conduct literature research

    Conduct a comprehensive and systematic research of information and publications on a specific topic. Present a comparative evaluative literature summary.

  • Approve engineering design

    Give consent to the finished engineering design to go over to the actual manufacturing and assembly of the product.

  • Report analysis results

    Produce research documents or give presentations to report the results of a conducted research and analysis project, indicating the analysis procedures and methods which led to the results, as well as potential interpretations of the results.

  • Design microelectromechanical systems

    Design and develop microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), such as microsensing devices. Make a model and a simulation using technical design software to assess the viability of the product and examine the physical parameters to ensure a successful production process.

  • Develop microelectromechanical system test procedures

    Develop testing protocols, such as parametric tests and burn-in tests, to enable a variety of analyses of microelectromechanical (MEM) systems, products, and components before, during, and after the building of the microsystem.

  • Test microelectromechanical systems

    Test microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) using appropriate equipment and testing techniques, such as thermal shock tests, thermal cycling tests, and burn-in tests. Monitor and evaluate system performance and take action if needed.

  • Use technical drawing software

    Create technical designs and technical drawings using specialised software.

  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

  • Adjust engineering designs

    Adjust designs of products or parts of products so that they meet requirements.

  • Conduct quality control analysis

    Conduct inspections and tests of services, processes, or products to evaluate quality.

  • Operate scientific measuring equipment

    Operate devices, machinery, and equipment designed for scientific measurement. Scientific equipment consists of specialised measuring instruments refined to facilitate the acquisition of data.

Optional knowledge and skills

use cad software prepare assembly drawings build business relationships precision measuring instruments control engineering microsensors program firmware nanotechnology apply soldering techniques micromechanics provide technical documentation communicate with customers microelectronics quality standards define manufacturing quality criteria apply technical communication skills microoptics use precision tools maintain safe engineering watches semiconductors develop product design optoelectronics use cam software programmable logic controller circuit diagrams firmware precision mechanics operate precision machinery perform resource planning biomedical engineering cae software computer engineering train employees assemble microelectromechanical systems sensors create technical plans perform project management draft bill of materials process customer orders moem coordinate engineering teams automation technology