Philosophers conduct research into the nature of human experience and existence. They document and report on findings to inform and guide political and individual actions.
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- History of philosophy
The study of the development and evolution of philosophers, philosophical concepts, and ideas throughout history.
The different philosophical systems, their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices and their impact on human culture.
The art of discourse that aims at improving the ability of writers and speakers to inform, persuade or motivate their audience.
The study and use of accurate reasoning, where the legitimacy of arguments is measured by their logical form and not by content.
The principles and beliefs derived from a code of conduct, accepted by a large group of people, that make the distinction between what is right and wrong behaviour.
- Philosophical schools of thought
The various sets of philosophical ideas and styles throughout history up to the present such as Calvinism, hedonism and Kantianism.
The philosophical study that deals with solving questions of human morality; it defines and systemises concepts such as right, wrong, and crime.
- Scientific research methodology
The theoretical methodology used in scientific research involving doing background research, constructing an hypothesis, testing it, analysing data and concluding the results.
- Present arguments persuasively
Present arguments during a negotiation or debate, or in written form, in a persuasive manner in order to obtain the most support for the case the speaker or writer represents.
- Motivate others
Direct other people's behaviour by providing them with a convincing reason for action.
- Use logical reasoning
Use cognitive abilities to make decisions and to move logically from one idea to another.
- Perform scientific research
Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.
- Apply scientific methods
Apply scientific methods and techniques to investigate phenomena, by acquiring new knowledge or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
Optional knowledge and skillswrite scientific papers sociology history write research proposals cultural history teach philosophy political ideologies theology perform lectures source criticism journalism religious studies political science politics develop scientific theories metaphysics
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