Profession special educational needs teacher
Special educational needs teachers work with and teach children, young people, and adults with an intellectual or physical disability. They use a range of specialised concepts, strategies and tools to optimise learners' communication, mobility, autonomy, and social integration. They select teaching methods and support resources to enable individual learners to maximise their potential for independent living.
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- Social / Artistic
- Social / Investigative
- Social / Realistic
- Special needs learning equipment
The materials used by a special needs teacher for training students with special educational needs in their classes, more specifically tools such as sensory equipment and equipment for stimulating motor skills.
- Curriculum objectives
The goals identified in curricula and defined learning outcomes.
- Disability care
The specific methods and practices used in providing care to people with physical, intellectual and learning disabilities.
- Disability types
The nature and types of disabilities affecting the human beings such as physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional or developmental and the specific needs and access requirements of disabled people.
- Children's physical development
Recognise and describe the development, observing the following criteria: weight, length, and head size, nutritional requirements, renal function, hormonal influences on development, response to stress, and infection.
- Special needs education
The teaching methods, equipment and settings used to support students with special needs in achieving succes in school or community.
- Learning needs analysis
The process of analysing a student's learning needs through observation and testing, potentially followed by the diagnosis of a learning disorder and a plan for additional support.
- Support children's wellbeing
Provide an environment that supports and values children and helps them to manage their own feelings and relationships with others.
- Assist in children's development of basic personal skills
Encourage and facilitate the development of children's natural curiosity and social and language abilities through creative and social activities such as storytelling, imaginative play, songs, drawing, and games.
- Manage children's problems
Promote the prevention, early detection, and management of children`s problems, focusing on developmental delays and disorders, behavioural problems, functional disabilities, social stresses, mental disorders including depression, and anxiety disorders.
- Stimulate students' independence
Encourage students with special needs to perform tasks independently, without the help from a caregiver and teach them personal independence skills.
- Demonstrate when teaching
Present to others examples of your experience, skills, and competences that are appropriate to specific learning content to help students in their learning.
- Manage student relationships
Manage the relations between students and between student and teacher. Act as a just authority and create an environment of trust and stability.
- Observe student's progress
Follow up on students’ learning progress and assess their achievements and needs.
- Provide specialised instruction for special needs students
Instruct students in need of specialised attention, often in small groups, catering to their individual needs, disorders, and disabilities. Promote the psychological, social, creative or physical development of children and teenagers using specific methods such as concentration exercises, role-plays, movement training, and painting.
- Adapt teaching to student's capabilities
Identify the learning struggles and successes of students. Select teaching and learning strategies that support students’ individual learning needs and goals.
- Assist children with special needs in education settings
Assist children with special needs, identifying their needs, modifying classroom equipment to accommodate them and helping them participate in school activities.
- Maintain relations with children's parents
Inform children`s parents of the activities planned, program`s expectations and children`s individual progress.
- Guarantee students' safety
Ensure all students falling under an instructor or other person’s supervision are safe and accounted for. Follow safety precautions in the learning situation.
- Prepare lesson content
Prepare content to be taught in class in accordance with curriculum objectives by drafting exercises, researching up-to-date examples etc.
- Encourage students to acknowledge their achievements
Stimulate students to appreciate their own achievements and actions to nurture confidence and educational growth.
- Support the positiveness of youths
Help children and young people to assess their social, emotional and identity needs and to develop a positive self image, enhance their self esteem and improve their self reliance.
- Apply teaching strategies
Employ various approaches, learning styles, and channels to instruct students, such as communicating content in terms they can understand, organising talking points for clarity, and repeating arguments when necessary. Use a wide range of teaching devices and methodologies appropriate to the class content, the learners' level, goals, and priorities.
- Assist students with equipment
Provide assistance to students when working with (technical) equipment used in practice-based lessons and solve operational problems when necessary.
- Give constructive feedback
Provide founded feedback through both criticism and praise in a respectful, clear, and consistent manner. Highlight achievements as well as mistakes and set up methods of formative assessment to evaluate work.
- Implement care programmes for children
Perform activities with children according to their physical, emotional, intellectual and social needs by using appropriate tools and equipment that facilitate interaction and learning activities.
- Assess the development of youth
Observe and assess the developmental needs of children and young people in all aspects of their developmental, identity, emotional, social, linguistic and communication needs.
- Assist students in their learning
Support and coach students in their work, give learners practical support and encouragement.
- Perform classroom management
Maintain discipline and engage students during instruction.
- Apply intercultural teaching strategies
Ensure that the content, methods, materials and the general learning experience is inclusive for all students and takes into account the expectations and experiences of learners from diverse cultural backgrounds. Explore individual and social stereotypes and develop cross-cultural teaching strategies.