Profession water engineer

Water engineers research and develop methods for the provision of clean water, water treatment and flood damage prevention and reaction. They research water needs in a location and develop methods for meeting those needs, such as designing and developing projects for managing water resources such as treatment plants, pipelines, pump systems, irrigation or draining systems and other water supply systems. Water engineers also ensure proper installation of these systems on construction sites. Water engineers also maintain, repair and build structures that control water resources, such as bridges, canals and dams.

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Personality Type

  • Realistic / Investigative


  • Water reuse

    Principles of water re-use processes in complex circulation systems.

  • Hydraulic fluid

    The various types, qualities and applications of hydraulic fluids used in metalworking processes such as forging and moulding, consisting out of mineral oils and water.

  • Engineering principles

    The engineering elements like functionality, replicability, and costs in relation to the design and how they are applied in the completion of engineering projects.

  • Landscape design

    Understand landscape design and maintenance.

  • Technical drawings

    Drawing software and the various symbols, perspectives, units of measurement, notation systems, visual styles and page layouts used in technical drawings.

  • Hydraulics

    The power transmission systems that use the force of flowing liquids to transmit power.

  • Flood remediation equipment

    The operation of the necessary tools and equipment used in flood damage and remediation activities, such as pumping flooded properties.

  • Water policies

    Have a solid understanding of policies, strategies, institutions, and regulations concerning water.

  • Engineering processes

    The systematic approach to the development and maintenance of engineering systems.

  • Types of pipelines

    Know various types of pipelines and their different usages. Differentiate between pipelines used to transport goods over short and long distances, and understand their respective feeding systems.


  • Ensure compliance with safety legislation

    Implement safety programmes to comply with national laws and legislation. Ensure that equipment and processes are compliant with safety regulations.

  • Interpret scientific data to assess water quality

    Interpret biological and physico-chemical data to assess water quality.

  • Advise on irrigation projects

    Advise on the construction of irrigation projects. Review contractor orders to ensure the compatibility of the design with installation concepts and pre-existent grounds master plan. Monitor the contractor's work.

  • Ensure compliance with environmental legislation

    Monitor activities and perform tasks ensuring compliance with standards involving environmental protection and sustainability, and amend activities in the case of changes in environmental legislation. Ensure that the processes are compliant with environment regulations and best practices.

  • Approve engineering design

    Give consent to the finished engineering design to go over to the actual manufacturing and assembly of the product.

  • Create designs for pipeline engineering

    Design pipeline infrastructure considering engineering principles. Create blueprints, measure sites, define materials, and present functional proposals for their construction.

  • Detect flaws in pipeline infrastructure

    Detect flaws in pipeline infrastructure during construction or over the passage of time. Detect flaws such as construction defects, corrosion, ground movement, hot-tap made by error, and others.

  • Conserve water resource

    Strive to conserve ground irrigation water. Meet with water conservation agencies and liaise with management on developments in conservation policy.

  • Analyse community needs

    Identify and respond to specific social problems in a community, delineating the extent of the problem and outline the level of resources required to address it and identifying the existing community assets and resources that are available to address the problem.

  • Perform scientific research

    Gain, correct or improve knowledge about phenomena by using scientific methods and techniques, based on empirical or measurable observations.

  • Develop flood remediation strategies

    Develop plans and design equipment for the prevention of floods and efficient aid in the event of a flood, by assessing the risks, identifying improvements in existing strategies, and designing new strategies in flood remediation.

  • Adjust engineering designs

    Adjust designs of products or parts of products so that they meet requirements.

  • Use technical drawing software

    Create technical designs and technical drawings using specialised software.

Optional knowledge and skills

irrigation systems design drainage well systems develop sewerage networks ecosystems design sprinkler systems pollution prevention develop water purification methods conserve natural resources prepare timelines for pipeline development projects monitor water quality environmental engineering consider the impact of material characteristics on pipeline flows survey sites for pipeline installation perform follow-up on pipeline route services advise on pollution prevention supervise sewerage systems construction install sprinkler systems develop irrigation strategies design dams supervise waste disposal use water disinfection equipment manage desalination control system develop environmental remediation strategies monitor legislation developments mitigate environmental impact of pipeline projects identify risk of flooding perform pipeline routing studies analyse route possibilities in pipeline projects water chemistry analysis advise on environmental remediation inspect pipelines perform water testing procedures provide training follow up pipeline integrity management priorities maintain irrigation controllers design piers ensure equipment maintenance compute irrigation pressure design weirs supervise waste water treatments measure water quality parameters livestock advise on soil and water protection develop watering schedules ensure regulatory compliance in pipeline infrastructures perform water treatment procedures perform water chemistry analysis manage water quality testing develop water supply schedule