Profession wine sommelier

Wine sommeliers have general knowledge about wine, its production, service and wind with food pairing. They make use of this knowledge for the management of specialised wine cellars, publish wine lists and books or work in restaurants.

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Personality Type

  • Social / Enterprising
  • Social / Realistic


  • Fermentation processes of beverages

    Fermentation processes related to the conversion of sugar to alcohol, gases and acids. 

  • Types of wine

    The large variety of wines, including the different types, regions and special characteristics of each. The process behind the wine such as grape varietals, fermentation procedures and the types of crop that resulted in the final product.


  • Apply HACCP

    Apply regulations regarding manufacture of food and food safety compliance. Employ food safety procedures based on Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP).

  • Stay abreast of wine trends

    Stay abreast of the latest trends in wine and possibly other spirits such as biological wines and sustainable cultures.

  • Ensure adequate conditions in wine cellars

    Care for important factors in wine cellars such as temperature and humidity that must be maintained by a climate control system. Protect wine cellars from temperature swings by deciding on underground built wine cellars.

  • Apply GMP

    Apply regulations regarding manufacture of food and food safety compliance. Employ food safety procedures based on Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).

  • Apply extensive study of wine types from around the world

    Study wine types from around the world and advise companies and people in the industry. Analyse the types of wine being sold in different countries.

  • Give advice on the matching of food with wine

    Give advice on the matching of food with wine, the different types of wines, the production processes, about the character of the wine, harvest, type of grape and other related advice.

  • Analyse trends in the food and beverage industries

    Investigate trends in foodstuffs related to consumers preferences. Examine key markets based on both product type and geography as well as technological improvements in the industry.

  • Apply requirements concerning manufacturing of food and beverages

    Apply and follow national, international, and internal requirements quoted in standards, regulations and other specifications related with manufacturing of food and beverages.

  • Decant wines

    Identify when wine should be decanted. Decant the bottles in presence of guests in a professional and safe way. Decanting especially benefits red wines. Pour wine from one container into another, typically in order to separate out sediment.

  • Host wine-tasting events

    Hosting and attending wine-tasting events in order to share information relating the last trends in the industry, for network purposes and self updating.

  • Maintain updated professional knowledge

    Regularly attend educational workshops, read professional publications, actively participate in professional societies.

  • Describe flavour of different wines

    Describe taste and aroma, also known as flavour, of different wines using the adequate lingo and relying on experience to classify the wines.

  • Store wine properly

    Proper way to store various types of wines.

Optional knowledge and skills

chemical constitution of grapes maintain food specifications perform public relations liaise with colleagues act reliably wine fermentation process have computer literacy liaise with managers maintain relationship with customers variety of grapes perform sensory evaluation write work-related reports