Blacksmiths hammer and forge bars, rods, ingots and plates of iron, steel or other metals, and draw wire to make and repair various kinds of tools, metal articles, pieces of equipment, and agricultural and related implements.
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- Realistic / Conventional
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- Hot forging
The metalworking process of forging whilst the hot metal is right above its recrystallisation temperature after casting and being solidified.
- Types of metal
Qualities, specifications, applications and reactions to different fabricating processes of various types of metal, such as steel, aluminium, brass, copper and others.
- Forging processes
The various processes in the metalforming practices of forging, such as swaging, open-die forging, automatic hot forging, cogging, impression-die forging, roll forging, upsetting, press forging, and others.
- Shape metal over anvils
Forge pieces of metal over an anvil using the appropriate hand tools and heating equipment.
- Prevent damage in a furnace
Provide damage and risk prevention in a furnace or a smelter.
- Apply smithing techniques
Apply techniques and use technologies in relation to the various smithing processes, including sculpting, forging, upsetting, heat treating, and finishing.
- Wear appropriate protective gear
Wear relevant and necessary protective gear, such as protective goggles or other eye protection, hard hats, safety gloves.
- Join metals
Join together pieces of metal using soldering and welding materials.
- Operate metal heating equipment
Use heating machinery to bake filled-up moulds or to melt steel, metal and other materials.
- Operate furnace
Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting, to produce specified types of steel, or to finish other materials such as cokes. Set furnace controls to regulate temperatures and heating time.
- Measure metal to be heated
Measure the amounts of steel or other metals to be heated. Take decisions on the amount of heat to be used, the duration of the heating, and other variables in the process based on the measurement.
- Select filler metal
Select optimal metal used for metal joining purposes, such as zinc, lead or copper metals, specifically for welding, soldering or brazing practices.
- Use welding equipment
Operate welding equipment in a safe manner; use welding techniques such as shielded metal arc welding or flux-cored arc welding.
- Maintain furnace temperature
Observe pyrometer and adjust controls to maintain temperature between specified limits.
- Work with blacksmithing hand tools
Work with hammers, chisels, anvils, tongs, vises, forges, and others to create hand-made metal products by performing blacksmithing operations.
- Work with blacksmithing power tools
Work with drills, air chisels, power hammers, hydraulic presses, grinders, and others to create (semi-)hand-made metal products by performing blacksmithing operations.
- Ensure correct metal temperature
Ensure the necessary, usually constant, temperature of processed metal workpieces during metal fabrication processes.
- Load materials into furnace
Load materials in furnace with correct positioning, fastening and levelling when needed.
- Heat metals
Heat steel and metals in fire; adjust and regulate heat controls to reach appropriate pouring temperature.
Optional knowledge and skillsferrous metal processing remove finished casts manage time in casting processes cut metal products casting processes manufacturing of tools coating substances monitor gauge insert mould structures types of metal manufacturing processes apply precision metalworking techniques apply preliminary treatment to workpieces mark processed workpiece recognise signs of corrosion fill moulds manufacturing of door furniture from metal supply machine with appropriate tools smooth burred surfaces mark designs on metal pieces dust usage for forging remove scale from metal workpiece precious metal processing provide customer follow-up services cold forging design drawings produce customised products ensure equipment availability operate precision measuring equipment non-ferrous metal processing
Common job titles
- Forge/hammer helper
- Forge helper
- Tool room attendant
- Metal fabricator
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- Business support coordinator
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- Blacksmith 2017-2018 season
- Metal work mechanic