Profession blacksmith

Blacksmiths heat metal, usually steel, in a forge and shape it with a hammer, chisel, and an anvil. Contemporarily, they predominantly create artisanal metal products, including ornamental work, as well as horse shoes, one of the sole metal fabricating processes that has not been industrialised.

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Personality Type

  • Realistic / Conventional

Knowledge

  • Forging processes

    The various processes in the metalforming practices of forging, such as swaging, open-die forging, automatic hot forging, cogging, impression-die forging, roll forging, upsetting, press forging, and others.

  • Hot forging

    The metalworking process of forging whilst the hot metal is right above its recrystallisation temperature after casting and being solidified.

Skills

  • Measure metal to be heated

    Measure the amounts of steel or other metals to be heated. Take decisions on the amount of heat to be used, the duration of the heating, and other variables in the process based on the measurement.

  • Operate metal heating equipment

    Use heating machinery to bake filled-up moulds or to melt steel, metal and other materials.

  • Work with blacksmithing power tools

    Work with drills, air chisels, power hammers, hydraulic presses, grinders, and others to create (semi-)hand-made metal products by performing blacksmithing operations.

  • Join metals

    Join together pieces of metal using soldering and welding materials.

  • Prevent damage in a furnace

    Provide damage and risk prevention in a furnace or a smelter.

  • Select filler metal

    Select optimal metal used for metal joining purposes, such as zinc, lead or copper metals, specifically for welding, soldering or brazing practices.

  • Shape metal over anvils

    Forge pieces of metal over an anvil using the appropriate hand tools and heating equipment.

  • Maintain furnace temperature

    Observe pyrometer and adjust controls to maintain temperature between specified limits.

  • Load materials into furnace

    Load materials in furnace with correct positioning, fastening and levelling when needed.

  • Ensure correct metal temperature

    Ensure the necessary, usually constant, temperature of processed metal workpieces during metal fabrication processes.

  • Work with blacksmithing hand tools

    Work with hammers, chisels, anvils, tongs, vises, forges, and others to create hand-made metal products by performing blacksmithing operations.

  • Operate furnace

    Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting, to produce specified types of steel, or to finish other materials such as cokes. Set furnace controls to regulate temperatures and heating time.

  • Apply smithing techniques

    Apply techniques and use technologies in relation to the various smithing processes, including sculpting, forging, upsetting, heat treating, and finishing.

  • Use welding equipment

    Operate welding equipment in a safe manner; use welding techniques such as shielded metal arc welding or flux-cored arc welding.

  • Heat metals

    Heat steel and metals in fire; adjust and regulate heat controls to reach appropriate pouring temperature.

Optional knowledge and skills

mark processed workpiece casting processes ferrous metal processing produce customised products operate precision measuring equipment types of metal manufacturing processes monitor gauge coating substances dust usage for forging fill moulds remove finished casts remove scale from metal workpiece insert mould structures apply preliminary treatment to workpieces provide customer follow-up services cold forging precious metal processing cut metal products recognise signs of corrosion non-ferrous metal processing manage time in casting processes manufacturing of door furniture from metal design drawings supply machine with appropriate tools manufacturing of tools ensure equipment availability smooth burred surfaces mark designs on metal pieces apply precision metalworking techniques