Blacksmiths heat metal, usually steel, in a forge and shape it with a hammer, chisel, and an anvil. Contemporarily, they predominantly create artisanal metal products, including ornamental work, as well as horse shoes, one of the sole metal fabricating processes that has not been industrialised.
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- Realistic / Conventional
- Forging processes
The various processes in the metalforming practices of forging, such as swaging, open-die forging, automatic hot forging, cogging, impression-die forging, roll forging, upsetting, press forging, and others.
- Hot forging
The metalworking process of forging whilst the hot metal is right above its recrystallisation temperature after casting and being solidified.
- Measure metal to be heated
Measure the amounts of steel or other metals to be heated. Take decisions on the amount of heat to be used, the duration of the heating, and other variables in the process based on the measurement.
- Operate metal heating equipment
Use heating machinery to bake filled-up moulds or to melt steel, metal and other materials.
- Work with blacksmithing power tools
Work with drills, air chisels, power hammers, hydraulic presses, grinders, and others to create (semi-)hand-made metal products by performing blacksmithing operations.
- Join metals
Join together pieces of metal using soldering and welding materials.
- Prevent damage in a furnace
Provide damage and risk prevention in a furnace or a smelter.
- Select filler metal
Select optimal metal used for metal joining purposes, such as zinc, lead or copper metals, specifically for welding, soldering or brazing practices.
- Shape metal over anvils
Forge pieces of metal over an anvil using the appropriate hand tools and heating equipment.
- Maintain furnace temperature
Observe pyrometer and adjust controls to maintain temperature between specified limits.
- Load materials into furnace
Load materials in furnace with correct positioning, fastening and levelling when needed.
- Ensure correct metal temperature
Ensure the necessary, usually constant, temperature of processed metal workpieces during metal fabrication processes.
- Work with blacksmithing hand tools
Work with hammers, chisels, anvils, tongs, vises, forges, and others to create hand-made metal products by performing blacksmithing operations.
- Operate furnace
Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting, to produce specified types of steel, or to finish other materials such as cokes. Set furnace controls to regulate temperatures and heating time.
- Apply smithing techniques
Apply techniques and use technologies in relation to the various smithing processes, including sculpting, forging, upsetting, heat treating, and finishing.
- Use welding equipment
Operate welding equipment in a safe manner; use welding techniques such as shielded metal arc welding or flux-cored arc welding.
- Heat metals
Heat steel and metals in fire; adjust and regulate heat controls to reach appropriate pouring temperature.