Profession carpenter


Carpenters construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood, wood-substitutes and other materials (e.g. metal, plastic and plasterboard).

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Personality Type

  • Realistic / Conventional

Tasks carpenter

  • Study drawings, specifications, product information, sketches or building plans to prepare the carpentry work.
  • Measure distances and materials and mark cutting lines on materials using ruler, pencil, chalk, marking gauge, measuring tape, etc.
  • Check existing structures using tools such as levels, framing squares, etc.
  • Shape, saw or cut (building) materials (e.g. boards, timber, plywood) to specified measurements, e.g. using hand or power tools.
  • Fasten (building) materials using various fastening materials, such as screws, nails, glue, bolts, etc.
  • Erect scaffolding, (roof) supports, chutes, etc. to work above ground level.
  • Remove damaged or defective parts or sections of structures and repair or replace these, e.g. using carpenter's hand and power tools.
  • Install and repair doors, frames, timber floors, roofs, suspended ceilings, etc., e.g. using carpenter's hand and power tools.
  • Finish seams and joints with lute, skirting, moulding, etc.

Related professions carpentry

  • Cabinet-maker
  • Carpenter helper
  • CNC operator
  • Concrete carpenter
  • Furniture maker
  • Kitchen joiner
  • Maintenance carpenter
  • Wood treater


  • Types of wood

    Types of wood, such as birch, pine, poplar, mahogany, maple and tulipwood.

  • Wood cuts

    Different ways of cutting wood, across the grain or parallel with it, and radial or tangential to the core. The behaviour of cuts of wood under different circumstances and the optimal cut for a given purpose. Influence of special attributes of the wood, like knots or defects.

  • Woodworking tools

    The various tools used to process wood, such as planers, chisels and lathes.


  • Apply wood finishes

    Use a variety of techniques to finish wood. Paint, varnish and stain wood to improve its function, durability, or appearance.

  • Inspect construction supplies

    Check construction supplies for damage, moisture, loss or other problems before using the material.

  • Join wood elements

    Bind wooden materials together using a variety of techniques and materials. Determine the optimal technique to join the elements, like stapling, nail, gluing or screwing. Determine the correct work order and make the joint.

  • Transport construction supplies

    Bring construction materials, tools and equipment to the construction site and store them properly taking various aspects into account such as the workers' safety and protection from deterioration.

  • Interpret 2D plans

    Interpret and understand plans and drawings in manufacturing processes which include representations in two dimensions.

  • Use safety equipment in construction

    Use elements of protective clothing such as steel-tipped shoes, and gear such as protective goggles, in order to minimise risk of accidents in construction and to mitigate any injury if an accident does occur.

  • Clean wood surface

    Use a variety of techniques on a wood surface to ensure it is free of dust, sawdust, grease, stains, and other contaminants.

  • Identify wood warp

    Identify wood that has changed shape due to stresses, wear or incorrect installation. Recognise the different types of warp, like bow, twist, crook and cup. Identify possible causes and solutions to wood warp.

  • Work ergonomically

    Apply ergonomy principles in the organisation of the workplace while manually handling equipment and materials.

  • Use measurement instruments

    Use different measurement instruments depending on the property to be measured. Utilise various instruments to measure length, area, volume, speed, energy, force, and others.

  • Keep sawing equipment in good condition

    Make sure sawing equipment is always in good and safe working condition. Inspect the equipment for defects. Replace defective or worn-out elements in accordance with guidelines. Store elements safely when not in use. Notify the responsible party in case of large or dangerous defects.

  • Create wood joints

    Use the proper tools and processes to create the joints where multiple pieces of wood fit together.

  • Interpret 3D plans

    Interpret and understand plans and drawings in manufacturing processes which include representations in three dimensions.

  • Snap chalk line

    Stretch a line covered in fine, non-staining chalk between two points and snap it against a surface to produce a straight line.

  • Install construction profiles

    Install a variety of metal or plastic profiles used to attach materials to each other or to structural elements. Cut them to size if called for.

  • Follow health and safety procedures in construction

    Apply the relevant health and safety procedures in construction in order to prevent accidents, pollution and other risks.

  • Keep track of wooden elements

    Order wooden elements to be used for a workpiece in a logical way. Clearly identify the elements and how they will be joined together, using symbols drawn onto the wood or another system.

  • Install wood hardware

    Use hinges, knobs and rails to fix wooden hardware on wooden elements. Make sure the hardware fits onto or into the element. Make sure moving hardware articulates smoothly and securely.

  • Sort waste

    Manually or automatically sort waste by separating it into its different elements.

  • Create smooth wood surface

    Shave, plane and sand wood manually or automatically to produce a smooth surface.

  • Install wood elements in structures

    Install elements made of wood and wood-based composite materials, such as doors, stairs, plinths, and ceiling frames. Assemble and affix the elements, taking care to prevent gaps. Inspect the work and notify the responsible person in case of problems.

Optional knowledge and skills

build scaffolding maintain work area cleanliness install insulation material calculate needs for construction supplies operate wood router follow safety procedures when working at heights apply restoration techniques monitor stock level operate crosscut saw answer requests for quotation assess conservation needs create cutting plan operate table saw construct wood roofs energy performance of buildings estimate restoration costs asbestos removal regulations loading charts for transportation of goods process incoming construction supplies secure working area work in a construction team set up temporary construction site infrastructure use sander keep records of work progress keep personal administration program a cnc controller maintain equipment operate band saw use squaring pole order construction supplies