Carpenters construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood, wood-substitutes and other materials (e.g. metal, plastic and plasterboard).
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- Realistic / Investigative
- Study drawings, specifications, product information, sketches or building plans to prepare the carpentry work.
- Measure distances and materials and mark cutting lines on materials using ruler, pencil, chalk, marking gauge, measuring tape, etc.
- Check existing structures using tools such as levels, framing squares, etc.
- Shape, saw or cut (building) materials (e.g. boards, timber, plywood) to specified measurements, e.g. using hand or power tools.
- Fasten (building) materials using various fastening materials, such as screws, nails, glue, bolts, etc.
- Erect scaffolding, (roof) supports, chutes, etc. to work above ground level.
- Remove damaged or defective parts or sections of structures and repair or replace these, e.g. using carpenter's hand and power tools.
- Install and repair doors, frames, timber floors, roofs, suspended ceilings, etc., e.g. using carpenter's hand and power tools.
- Finish seams and joints with lute, skirting, moulding, etc.
Related professions carpentry
- Carpenter helper
- CNC operator
- Concrete carpenter
- Furniture maker
- Kitchen joiner
- Maintenance carpenter
- Wood treater
- Wood cuts
Different ways of cutting wood, across the grain or parallel with it, and radial or tangential to the core. The behaviour of cuts of wood under different circumstances and the optimal cut for a given purpose. Influence of special attributes of the wood, like knots or defects.
- Woodworking tools
The various tools used to process wood, such as planers, chisels and lathes.
- Types of wood
Types of wood, such as birch, pine, poplar, mahogany, maple and tulipwood.
- Install construction profiles
Install a variety of metal or plastic profiles used to attach materials to each other or to structural elements. Cut them to size if called for.
- Interpret 2D plans
Interpret and understand plans and drawings in manufacturing processes which include representations in two dimensions.
- Install wood hardware
Use hinges, knobs and rails to fix wooden hardware on wooden elements. Make sure the hardware fits onto or into the element. Make sure moving hardware articulates smoothly and securely.
- Clean wood surface
Use a variety of techniques on a wood surface to ensure it is free of dust, sawdust, grease, stains, and other contaminants.
- Transport construction supplies
Bring construction materials, tools and equipment to the construction site and store them properly taking various aspects into account such as the workers' safety and protection from deterioration.
- Join wood elements
Bind wooden materials together using a variety of techniques and materials. Determine the optimal technique to join the elements, like stapling, nail, gluing or screwing. Determine the correct work order and make the joint.
- Work ergonomically
Apply ergonomy principles in the organisation of the workplace while manually handling equipment and materials.
- Use measurement instruments
Use different measurement instruments depending on the property to be measured. Utilise various instruments to measure length, area, volume, speed, energy, force, and others.
- Use safety equipment in construction
Use elements of protective clothing such as steel-tipped shoes, and gear such as protective goggles, in order to minimise risk of accidents in construction and to mitigate any injury if an accident does occur.
- Sort waste
Manually or automatically sort waste by separating it into its different elements.
- Create wood joints
Use the proper tools and processes to create the joints where multiple pieces of wood fit together.
- Keep sawing equipment in good condition
Make sure sawing equipment is always in good and safe working condition. Inspect the equipment for defects. Replace defective or worn-out elements in accordance with guidelines. Store elements safely when not in use. Notify the responsible party in case of large or dangerous defects.
- Keep track of wooden elements
Order wooden elements to be used for a workpiece in a logical way. Clearly identify the elements and how they will be joined together, using symbols drawn onto the wood or another system.
- Apply wood finishes
Use a variety of techniques to finish wood. Paint, varnish and stain wood to improve its function, durability, or appearance.
- Snap chalk line
Stretch a line covered in fine, non-staining chalk between two points and snap it against a surface to produce a straight line.
- Identify wood warp
Identify wood that has changed shape due to stresses, wear or incorrect installation. Recognise the different types of warp, like bow, twist, crook and cup. Identify possible causes and solutions to wood warp.
- Create smooth wood surface
Shave, plane and sand wood manually or automatically to produce a smooth surface.
- Follow health and safety procedures in construction
Apply the relevant health and safety procedures in construction in order to prevent accidents, pollution and other risks.
- Inspect construction supplies
Check construction supplies for damage, moisture, loss or other problems before using the material.
- Install wood elements in structures
Install elements made of wood and wood-based composite materials, such as doors, stairs, plinths, and ceiling frames. Assemble and affix the elements, taking care to prevent gaps. Inspect the work and notify the responsible person in case of problems.
- Interpret 3D plans
Interpret and understand plans and drawings in manufacturing processes which include representations in three dimensions.
Optional knowledge and skillsuse sander follow safety procedures when working at heights operate crosscut saw estimate restoration costs process incoming construction supplies use squaring pole order construction supplies maintain work area cleanliness calculate needs for construction supplies apply restoration techniques answer requests for quotation keep records of work progress work in a construction team set up temporary construction site infrastructure create cutting plan construct wood roofs build scaffolding energy performance of buildings assess conservation needs keep personal administration monitor stock level secure working area asbestos removal regulations operate wood router operate table saw install insulation material operate band saw maintain equipment loading charts for transportation of goods program a cnc controller
Common job titles
- Carpenter (construction/maintenance/repair)
- Carpentry assistant and lead carpenter
- Remodeling carpenter
- Carpenter helper
- Finish carpenter
- Mechanic - carpenter
- Carpenter / craftsman
- Small work / punch list carpenter
- Millwork carpenter
- Scenic carpenter, finish and lead carp., welders, and scenic painters