Profession civil engineering worker
Civil engineering workers perform tasks concerning the cleaning and preparation of construction sites for civil engineering projects. This includes the work on building and maintenance of roads, railways and dams.
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- Dredging consoles
The configuration of different types of dredging consoles. How the functions of the dredge are mapped to the console.
- Compaction techniques
The field of information which consists of a variety of techniques to spread asphalt over roads. Each technique is determined by the concept of the asphalt mix and the used paving technique. This is determined by its rolling and chip distribution.
- Road traffic laws
Understand road traffic laws and the rules of the road.
- Mechanical tools
Understand machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
- Excavation techniques
The methods to remove rock and soil, used in an excavation site and the associated risks.
- Rail infrastructure
Thoroughly understand the characteristics of railway infrastructure: rail technologies, track gauges, rail signalling, rail junctions, etc.
- Work trains
The composition and functions of a work train, a train composed of automatic machines that remove, inspect, adjust and lay railway ballast, sleepers and rails.
Civil engineer - Career Profile
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- Follow health and safety procedures in construction
Apply the relevant health and safety procedures in construction in order to prevent accidents, pollution and other risks.
- Position guardrails and toeboards
Attach guardrails and toeboards to the scaffolding standards at set heights and intervals to ensure the safety of the workers and prevent objects from falling. Secure the guardrails using couplers or wedges.
- Inspect construction supplies
Check construction supplies for damage, moisture, loss or other problems before using the material.
- Guide operation of heavy construction equipment
Guide a colleague in operating a piece of heavy construction equipment. Follow the operation closely and understand when feedback is called for. Use communication techniques like voice, two-way radio, agreed-upon gestures and whistles to signal the appropriate information to the operator.
- Remove road surface
Remove an existing road surface. Use the appropriate machinery or coordinate with machine operators to assist in the excavation of asphalt or concrete road coverings.
- Lay pipe installation
Install the system of pipes used to transport a fluid, be it a liquid or a gas, from one point to another and connect it to the fuel and water supply lines, air ducts, and other components.
- Provide pipe bedding
Lay bedding in a trench to stabilise a pipe if called for. Lay bedding beneath the pipe and around it to protect from environmental influences.
- Prepare subgrade for road pavement
Make sure the surface underneath the road is ready to be paved. Ensure that it is flat, stable and able to resist the mechanical stresses of road traffic.
- Dig soil mechanically
Use mechanical equipment to dig up and move soil. Form pits according to excavation plans.
- Inspect construction sites
Ensure health and safety during the construction project by inspecting the construction site regularly. Identify risks of putting people in danger or of damaging construction equipment.
- Inspect road signs
Inspect road signs for signs of corrosion, outdated information, nicks and dents, legilibility and reflectance. Decide on the course of action when problems are found.
- Inspect railways visually
Visually check the integrity of train tracks, sleepers, and ballast. This is usually done in reaction to reports from workers or detections by sensors.
- Inspect asphalt
Inspect the placement of asphalt concrete ensuring that the specifications are met and no flows are present.
- Inspect drainage channels
Maintain and clear gutters, sewer systems, and other water carrying facilities to ensure proper drainage and prevent damage to infrastructure such as roads and railways.
- Work in a construction team
Work as part of a team in a construction project. Communicate efficiently, sharing information with team members and reporting to supervisors. Follow instructions and adapt to changes in a flexible manner.
- Use safety equipment in construction
Use elements of protective clothing such as steel-tipped shoes, and gear such as protective goggles, in order to minimise risk of accidents in construction and to mitigate any injury if an accident does occur.
- Transport construction supplies
Bring construction materials, tools and equipment to the construction site and store them properly taking various aspects into account such as the workers' safety and protection from deterioration.
- Lay base courses
Lay the stabilising courses that support a road. Lay the road base, which enhances the drainage properties of the road, and a sub-base if called for. Use the correct material for this, usually a mix of aggregates or local secondary materials, sometimes with some binding agents added.
- Perform drainage work
Dig draining ditches and lay the pipe or gutter installation to allow evacuation of surplus liquid and avoid subsidence or other damage.
- Pave asphalt layers
Use different grades of asphalt to lay the asphalt layers of a road. Lay an asphalt base layer with low bitumen content to provide a stable surface, a binder layer with intermediate bitumen content, and a surface layer containing the highest grade material with the highest bitumen content to withstand the stresses of road transport. Tend a paver to lay the asphalt or use different techniques and instruments.
Optional knowledge and skillsplace temporary road signage lay concrete slabs monitor ballast regulator operate mobile crane mix concrete set up temporary construction site infrastructure pour concrete keep heavy construction equipment in good condition construction methods secure working area monitor tamping car operate sleeper clipping unit maintain rail infrastructure asphalt mixes monitor rail laying machine use measurement instruments coordinate construction activities road signage standards operate grappler operate rail grinder monitor rail pickup machine civil engineering drive mobile heavy construction equipment screed concrete operate road marking machine operate road roller secure heavy construction equipment types of asphalt coverings
Source: Sisyphus ODB