Co-pilots are responsible for assisting captains by monitoring the flight instruments, handling radio communications, watching for air traffic, and taking over for the pilot as needed. They adhere to the pilot's commands, flight plans, and regulations and procedures of aviation national authorities, companies, and airports.
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- Visual flight rules
Types of flight rules which are a compilation of regulations that allow pilots to fly aircrafts in clear as well as unclear weather conditions whereby it is declared that outside visual reference to the ground and other obstructions are not safe.
- Civil aviation regulations
Know civil aviation regulations, rules and signals, including marshalling signals.
- Airport planning
Know airport planning for different types of aircrafts; use that information to mobilise resources and people in order to handle the aircrafts while they are in the airport.
- Aircraft flight control systems
Know the setting, features and operation of aircraft flight control systems. Manage flight control surfaces, cockpit controls, connections, and operating mechanisms required to control the flight direction of an aircraft. Operate aircraft engine controls in order to change aircraft speed.
- Geographic areas
Know the geographic area in detail; know where different organisations carry out operations.
- Common aviation safety regulations
The body of legislation and regulations that apply to the field of civil aviation at regional, national, European and International levels. Understand that regulations aimed at protecting citizens at all times in civil aviation; ensure that operators, citizens, and organisations comply with these rules.
- Aviation meteorology
Understand aviation meteorology to deal with the impact of weather on air traffic management (ATM). Understand how thorough changes in pressure and temperature values at airports can create variations in head and tail-wind components, and may impose low visibility operating conditions. Knowledge of aviation meteorology can help to reduce negative impact on the ATM system by diminishing disruption and the consequent problems of disturbed flow rates, lost capacity and induced additional costs.
- Air traffic control operations
Understand the tasks performed by air traffic controllers, including Interaction and effective communication between aircraft and air traffic controllers; execution of follow-up activities, and ensuring smooth operations during flights.
- Air transport law
Know air transport laws and regulations. Due to the nature of aviation, knowledge of air transport laws partially overlaps with knowledge of international law.
- Undertake procedures to meet requirements for flying aircraft heavier than 5,700 kg
Ensure that operation certificates are valid, validate that take-off mass is a minimum of 5,700 kg, verify that the minimum crew is adequate according to flight needs and regulations, ensure that the configuration settings are correct, and check if the engines are suitable for the flight.
- Ensure ongoing compliance with regulations
Conduct tasks and procedures to ensure that aviation certificates maintain their validity; undertake safeguarding measures as appropriate.
- Comply with air traffic control operations
Act in compliance with instruction provided by air traffic controllers.
- Operate cockpit control panels
Operates control panels in the cockpit or flight deck according to the needs of the flight. Manage on-board electronic systems to ensure a smooth flight.
- Operate radio equipment
Set up and operate radio devices and accessories, such as broadcast consoles, amplifiers, and microphones. Understand the basics of radio operator language and, when necessary, provide instruction in handling radio equipment correctly.
- Ensure aircraft compliance with regulation
Ensure that every aircraft complies with applicable regulation and all components and equipment have officially valid components.
- Operate radio navigation instruments
Operate radio navigation instruments to determine the position of aircraft in the airspace.
- Handle stressful situations
Deal with and manage highly stressful situations in the workplace by following adequate procedures, communicating in a quiet and effective manner, and remaining level-headed when taking decisions.
- Have spatial awareness
Be aware of your position and the space around you. Understand the relationship of objects around you when there is a change of position.
- Ensure smooth on board operations
Ensure the trip goes smoothly and without incidents. Before departure review if all security, catering, navigation and communication elements are in place.
- Perform routine flight operations checks
Perform checks before and during flight: conduct pre-flight and in-flight inspections of aircraft performance, route and fuel usage, runway availability, airspace restrictions, etc.
- Apply transportation management concepts
Apply transport industry management concepts in order to improve transportation processes, reduce waste, increase efficiency, and improve schedule preparation.
- Undertake procedures to meet aircraft flight requirements
Ensure that operation certificates are valid, guarantee that take-off mass is a maximum of 3,175 kg, verify that the minimum crew is adequate according to regulations and needs, ensure that the configuration settings are correct, and check if engines are suitable for the flight.
- Comprehensively inspect aircraft
Conduct inspections of aircraft and aircraft components, namely their parts, appliances, and equipment, to identify malfunctions such as fuel leaks or flaws in electrical and pressurisation systems.
- Prepare transportation routes
Prepare routes through the addition or subtraction of routes, making changes to route frequency, and changing the service span of routes. Adjusts routes through providing additional running time to routes, adding additional capacity during periods of overcrowding (or reducing capacity during periods of low passenger numbers), and adjusting departure times in response to changes in circumstances along a given route, thereby ensuring efficient use of resources and achievement of customer relations goals.;
- Operate two-way radio systems
Use radios that can receive and transmit sound signals in order to communicate with similar radios on the same frequency such as mobile phones and walkie talkies.
- Apply signalling control procedures
Control train movements; operate railway signals and block systems to ensure that trains operate safely, on correct routes, and on time.
- Ensure compliance with civil aviation regulations
Ensure best practice standards are adopted and all regulatory requirements met
- Use different communication channels
Use various types of communication channels such as verbal, handwritten, digital and telephonic communication with the aim of constructing and sharing information and ideas.
- Possess visual literacy
Interpret charts, maps, graphics, and other pictorial presentations used in place of the written word. The graphics used vary from process to process; therefore, the professional must have sufficient knowledge of the field in order to follow and use the information presented.
- Analyse work-related written reports
Read and comprehend job-related reports, analyse the content of reports and apply findings to daily work operations.
- Follow verbal instructions
Have the ability to follow spoken instructions received from colleagues. Strive to understand and clarify what is being requested.
- Ensure public safety and security
Implement the relevant procedures, strategies and use the proper equipment to promote local or national security activities for the protection of data, people, institutions, and property.
- Use meteorological information
Use and interpret meteorological information for operations dependent on climatic conditions. Use this information to provide advise on safe operations in relation to weather conditions.
- Maintain counterweight inside modes of transport
Maintain balance and mass distribution inside the means of transport (vessel, aircraft, train, road vehicles, etc). Ensure that passengers and cargo distribution do not hinder the mobility of the mode of transport.
- Create a flight plan
Develop a flight plan which details the flight altitude, route to be followed ,and amount of fuel required using different sources of information (weather reports and other data from air traffic control).
- Implement airside safety procedures
Apply a series of airfield safety rules and procedures to ensure a safe working environment for airport crew.
- Deal with challenging work conditions
Deal with challenging circumstances in which to perform work, such as night work, shift work, and atypical working conditions.
- Run preventive simulations
Run preventive audits or simulations with new signalling systems; assess operability and detect flaws for improvement.
- Perform flight manoeuvres
Perform flight manoeuvres in critical situations, and associated ‘upset’ manoeuvres, in order to avoid collision.
- Read maps
Read maps effectively.
- Read 3D displays
Read 3D-displays and understand the information they provide on positions, distances, and other parameters.
- Perform take off and landing
Perform normal and cross-wind take-off and landing operations.
- Operate radar equipment
Operate radar screens and other radar equipment; ensure that aircraft fly at a safe distance from one another.