Profession firefighter


Fire fighters respond to fire alarms and other emergency calls, control and extinguish fires, protect life and property and conduct rescue efforts.

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Personality Type

  • Conventional / Realistic

Tasks firefighter

  • Respond to fire alarms and other emergency calls, such as road accidents, rail and air crashes, industrial accidents, spillages of dangerous substances, bomb incidents and natural disasters.
  • Dress with equipment such as fire resistant clothing and breathing apparatus, and drive or crew fire fighting vehicles to travel to incident sites.
  • Search, rescue and evacuate people and animals from burning buildings, accident sites and other dangerous situations.
  • Administer first aid and other medical assistance to injured persons.
  • Control and extinguish fires using firefighting equipment, such as ladders, hose pipes, pumps, axes and fire extinguishing appliances.
  • Assess fires and situations and report conditions to superiors to receive instructions, using e.g. radios.
  • Salvage goods from damaged premises, and clean up, check and make safe the incident site, e.g. by removing dangerous chemical substances.
  • Dive to locate and lift objects from under water.
  • Carry out practice drills and take part in physical and other training.
  • Inspect, clean and maintain firefighting equipment.
  • Inform and educate the public on fire prevention.

Related professions fire brigade

  • Fire inspector
  • First line supervisor of fire fighters


  • Fire prevention procedures

    The regulations concerning fire and explosion prevention, and the equipment, systems and methods used in it.

  • Health and safety regulations

    Necessary health, safety, hygiene and environmental standards and legislation rules in the sector of particular activity.

  • Fire-fighting systems

    The devices and systems used to extinguish fires; the classes and chemistry of fire.

  • Hydraulics

    The power transmission systems that use the force of flowing liquids to transmit power.

  • Fire safety regulations

    The legal rules to be applied for fire safety and fire prevention in a facility.

  • First aid

    The emergency treatment given to a sick or injured person in the case of circulatory and/or respiratory failure, unconsciousness, wounds, bleeding, shock or poisoning.


  • Perform search and rescue missions

    Assist in fighting natural and civic disasters, such as forest fires, floods and road accidents. Conduct search-and-rescue missions.

  • Ensure public safety and security

    Implement the relevant procedures, strategies and use the proper equipment to promote local or national security activities for the protection of data, people, institutions, and property.

  • Manage emergency care situations

    Manage situations in which decision making under time pressure is essential to save lives.

  • Manage major incidents

    Take immediate action to respond to major incidents that affect the safety and security of individuals in private or public places such as road accidents.

  • Use different types of fire extinguishers

    Understand and apply various methods of firefighting and various types and classes of fire extinguishing equipment.

  • Provide first aid

    Administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation or first aid in order to provide help to a sick or injured person until they receive more complete medical treatment.

  • Evacuate people from buildings

    Evacuate a person from a dangerous building or situation for protection purposes, ensuring the victim reaches safety and is able to receive medical care if necessary.

  • Extinguish fires

    Extinguish smaller fires such as electrical fires, oil fires, or propane fires, using the adequate portable fire extinguisher. Extinguish larger fires with water, using jet and spray nozzles. Extinguish fires with foam, powder or other chemical agents. Enter and pass through, with a lifeline but without breathing apparatus, a compartment into which high-expansion foam has been injected. Fight fire in smoke-filled enclosed spaces, wearing a self-contained breathing apparatus. Extinguish a fire in a simulated engine room with heavy smoke. Perform rescue operations in a smoke-filled space, wearing breathing apparatus.

  • Work as a team in a hazardous environment

    Work together with others in a dangerous, sometimes noisy, environment, such as a building on fire or metal forging facilities, in order to achieve a higher degree of efficiency while heeding the co-workers' safety.

  • Select hazard control

    Select appropriate hazard control measures and risk management, reduction or elimination techniques in a safe manner.

Optional knowledge and skills

pyrotechnic articles legislation operate emergency vehicle climb trees maintain safety systems dispose of hazardous waste install vessel's safety equipment pollution legislation regulations on substances use different communication channels vessel electrical system mechanics of vessels assist community monitor disposal of radioactive substances environmental policy manage factory operations liaise with industrial professionals work with chemicals ensure vessel security industrial engineering operate marine communication systems assist people in contaminated areas rescue in road accidents avoid contamination contain fires prevent marine pollution drive firetruck under emergency conditions work safely with chemicals assess contamination manage flammable substances manage personal professional development operate marine machinery systems investigate maritime accidents use geographic information systems relay messages through radio and telephone systems navy operations inspect industrial equipment operate emergency equipment monitor chemical process condition perform minor repairs to equipment types of maritime vessels assess impact of industrial activities industrial tools educate public on fire safety dock operations evacuate people from heights maintain logbooks perform preventive maintenance on fire fighting vehicles assess risk factors perform risk analysis