Firefighters are responsible for emergency response in case of a fire outbreak or other hazardous situations. They oversee the evacuation of the endangered premises and ensure victims are rescued and taken care of by the appropriate professionals. Once the premises are clear of victims, they ensure the fire is extinguished, compliant with health and safety regulations. They also regulate the clean-up of the scene and assess the damage.
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- Realistic / Social
- Health and safety regulations
Necessary health, safety, hygiene and environmental standards and legislation rules in the sector of particular activity.
- Fire prevention procedures
The regulations concerning fire and explosion prevention, and the equipment, systems and methods used in it.
- Fire-fighting systems
The devices and systems used to extinguish fires; the classes and chemistry of fire.
- Fire safety regulations
The legal rules to be applied for fire safety and fire prevention in a facility.
The power transmission systems that use the force of flowing liquids to transmit power.
- First aid
The emergency treatment given to a sick or injured person in the case of circulatory and/or respiratory failure, unconsciousness, wounds, bleeding, shock or poisoning.
- Manage emergency care situations
Manage situations in which decision making under time pressure is essential to save lives.
- Perform search and rescue missions
Assist in fighting natural and civic disasters, such as forest fires, floods and road accidents. Conduct search-and-rescue missions.
- Work as a team in a hazardous environment
Work together with others in a dangerous, sometimes noisy, environment, such as a building on fire or metal forging facilities, in order to achieve a higher degree of efficiency while heeding the co-workers' safety.
- Provide first aid
Administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation or first aid in order to provide help to a sick or injured person until they receive more complete medical treatment.
- Manage major incidents
Take immediate action to respond to major incidents that affect the safety and security of individuals in private or public places such as road accidents.
- Ensure public safety and security
Implement the relevant procedures, strategies and use the proper equipment to promote local or national security activities for the protection of data, people, institutions, and property.
- Extinguish fires
Extinguish smaller fires such as electrical fires, oil fires, or propane fires, using the adequate portable fire extinguisher. Extinguish larger fires with water, using jet and spray nozzles. Extinguish fires with foam, powder or other chemical agents. Enter and pass through, with a lifeline but without breathing apparatus, a compartment into which high-expansion foam has been injected. Fight fire in smoke-filled enclosed spaces, wearing a self-contained breathing apparatus. Extinguish a fire in a simulated engine room with heavy smoke. Perform rescue operations in a smoke-filled space, wearing breathing apparatus.
- Use different types of fire extinguishers
Understand and apply various methods of firefighting and various types and classes of fire extinguishing equipment.
- Conform to health and safety regulations
Carry out all work in accordance with relevant environmental and health and safety legislation, risk assessment requirements and company policies. Take the necessary health and safety precautions during work including posture the body well, safely operate tools and machinery, and wear the right clothes and protection for the climate.
- Select hazard control
Select appropriate hazard control measures and risk management, reduction or elimination techniques in a safe manner.
- Evacuate people from buildings
Evacuate a person from a dangerous building or situation for protection purposes, ensuring the victim reaches safety and is able to receive medical care if necessary.
Optional knowledge and skillsindustrial tools assess risk factors rescue in road accidents climb trees relay messages through radio and telephone systems maintain logbooks liaise with industrial professionals prevent marine pollution pyrotechnic articles legislation types of maritime vessels perform minor repairs to equipment use different communication channels monitor disposal of radioactive substances inspect industrial equipment use geographic information systems manage factory operations avoid contamination operate emergency vehicle evacuate people from heights educate public on fire safety dispose of hazardous waste work with chemicals assess contamination dock operations regulations on substances assist people in contaminated areas ensure vessel security navy operations operate emergency equipment industrial engineering environmental policy assess impact of industrial activities drive firetruck under emergency conditions vessel electrical system manage flammable substances monitor chemical process condition manage personal professional development work safely with chemicals contain fires operate marine communication systems pollution legislation operate marine machinery systems maintain safety systems assist community mechanics of vessels perform preventive maintenance on fire fighting vehicles investigate maritime accidents install vessel's safety equipment perform risk analysis
Common job titles
- Fire protection operations specialist
- Firefighter (open-entry)
- Firefighter/emergency medical technician
- Fire fighter
- Firefighter 56
- Firefighter/emergency medical technician/paramedic