Profession groundsman/groundswoman

Groundsmen/groundswomen provide landscape and lawn services and maintain grounds for private households, commercial and public facilities, schools, hotels, botanical gardens, golf courses, parks and athletic fields.

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Personality Type

  • Enterprising / Realistic
  • Realistic / Enterprising
  • Realistic / Conventional


  • Pest control in plants

    Types and features of pests in plants and crops. Different kinds of pest control methods, activities using conventional or biological methods taking into account the type of plant or crop, environmental and climate conditions and health and safety regulations. Storage and handling of products.

  • Ecology

    The study of how organisms interact and their relation to the ambient environment.

  • Watering principles

    Methods, principles and systems for supplying water to land or crops by means of pipes, sprinklers, ditches or streams.

  • Horticulture principles

    The standard horticultural practices, including but not limited to planting, pruning, corrective pruning, and fertilisation.

  • Water chemistry analysis

    Principles of complex water chemistry.

  • Plant species

    The variety of plants, trees and shrubs and their special characteristics. 

  • Turf management

    Planting and maintainance of turf.

  • Environmental legislation in agriculture and forestry

    Awareness on enviromental legislation, policies, principles relevant for agriculture and forestry. Awareness of the impact on the enviroment of local agricultural precedures and practices. Means to adjust the production to new enviromental regulations and policies.

  • Principles of landscape construction

    Principles and techniques to prepare ground or site for construction of wooden and brick terraces, fences and ground surfaces. This includes knowlege on how to measure and plan out the site, lay stone and tiles.

  • Plant disease control

    Types and features of diseases in plants and crops. Different kinds control methods, activities using conventional or biological methods taking into account the type of plant or crop, environmental and climate conditions and health and safety regulations. Storage and handling of products.

  • Soil structure

    Diversity of soil elements and types of soil in relation to plant growth.


  • Prepare planting area

    Prepare planting area and soil for planting by for example fertilising, mulching by hand or using mechanical tools or machinery; prepare seeds and plants for sowing and planting by enuring the quality of seed and plants.Sow and plant by hand, using mechanical tools or machinery and in accordance with national legislation.

  • Handling chemical products for soil and plants

    Handling chemical products for soil and plants includes cleaning the equipment used for spreading and spraying, mixing of chemicals, preparing pesticides and herbicides for spraying, preparing fertilisers for spreading.

  • Prepare sites for planting of grass

    Prepare lawn areas by spreading top soil and planting grass, and by laying instant turf.

  • Maintain landscape site

    Maintain the site by mowing, applying fertiliser, controlling weed, aerating, trimming and pruning. Perform clean-ups according to needs and requirements.

  • Use gardening equipment

    Use gardening equipment such as clippers, sprayers, mowers, chainsaws, complying to health and safety regulations.

  • Maintain turf and grass

    Establish and maintain fine turf, grassed fields, and synthetic surfaces for sports events. Ensure a pleasant appearance of the property grounds.

  • Maintain irrigation systems

    Install irrigation, plumbing and sprinkler systems. Inspect and assess these systems according to agreed time schedules. Identify defects and wear in irrigation systems and arrange repairs.

  • Prepare the ground

    Prepare the ground for laying turf or seeding by clearing the area, choosing the optimal soil, choosing the ground deepness and the appropriate fertilisers.

  • Maintain turf management equipment

    Install and service equipment like nets, posts and protective covers for sports and recreation purposes.

  • Estimate consumption of water

    Estimate, measure and register comsuption of water required for watering of greens or grounds areas.

  • Operate turf management equipment

    Operate turf management equipment like hedge cutters, mowers and strimmers.

  • Monitor water quality

    Measure water quality: temperature, oxygen, salinity, pH, N2, NO2,NH4, CO2, turbidity, chlorophyll. Monitor microbiological water quality.

  • Prepare land for turf laying

    Coordinate the work involved in clearing and preparing sites ready for planting. Ensure that the working methods for site clearance and preparation are established and clearly communicated. Oversee site clearance and preparation in accordance with specifications and maintain the quality of work.

  • Spray pesticides

    Spray pesticide solutions to keep insects, fungus, weed growth, and diseases under control.

  • Perform pest control

    Carry out crop spraying pest and disease operations in line with National industry and customer requirements. Carry out slurry and fertiliser spreading in accordance with local environmental regulations

  • Transport physical resources within the work area

    Transport physical resources such as products, equipment, materials, and liquids. Carefully load, transport and unload resources safely and efficiently, keeping the load in good condition.

  • Construct greens and grounds

    Project, construct, reconstruct playing fields and bunkers, tees at greens.

  • Prepare ground for construction

    Select materials to meet specifications, prepare the site in accordance with specifications.

  • Perform weed control operations

    Carry out crop spraying for weeds and plant disease operations in line with National industry and customer requirements.

  • Execute disease and pest control activities

    Execute disease and pest control activities using conventional or biological methods taking into account the climate, plant or crop type, health and safety and environmental regulations. Store and handle pesticides in accordance with recomandation and legislation.

  • Plan sports areas

    Carry out an initial survey which identifies the type, function and required dimensions of the sports area. Produce accurate plans which are consistent with the rules of the sport. Ensure the positioning and dimensions of the sports area are consistent with the rules of the sport and the function, use and safety of the site.

  • Conform to health and safety regulations

    Carry out all work in accordance with relevant environmental and health and safety legislation, risk assessment requirements and company policies. Take the necessary health and safety precautions during work including posture the body well, safely operate tools and machinery, and wear the right clothes and protection for the climate.

Optional knowledge and skills

prune plants grow plants propagate plants plant green plants use a computer implement plans for the management of sports turf areas prune hedges and trees report pollution incidents communicate with customers prepare planting area for planting crop production principles rainwater management manage time in landscaping pruning techniques nurse plants use technical documentation nurse trees pruning types manage rainwater