Profession landscape gardener

Landscape gardeners plan, construct, renovate and maintain parks, gardens and public green spaces.

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Personality Type

  • Enterprising / Realistic
  • Realistic / Enterprising
  • Realistic / Conventional

Knowledge

  • Design principles

    The elements used in design such as unity, scale, proportion, balance, symmetry, space, form, texture, colour, light, shade and congruence and their application into practice.

  • Horticulture principles

    The standard horticultural practices, including but not limited to planting, pruning, corrective pruning, and fertilisation.

  • Landscaping materials

    Field of information which distinguishes certain required materials, such as wood and wood chips, cement, pebbles and soil for landscaping purposes.

  • Ecology

    The study of how organisms interact and their relation to the ambient environment.

  • Pest control in plants

    Types and features of pests in plants and crops. Different kinds of pest control methods, activities using conventional or biological methods taking into account the type of plant or crop, environmental and climate conditions and health and safety regulations. Storage and handling of products.

  • Principles of landscape construction

    Principles and techniques to prepare ground or site for construction of wooden and brick terraces, fences and ground surfaces. This includes knowlege on how to measure and plan out the site, lay stone and tiles.

  • Plant disease control

    Types and features of diseases in plants and crops. Different kinds control methods, activities using conventional or biological methods taking into account the type of plant or crop, environmental and climate conditions and health and safety regulations. Storage and handling of products.

  • Environmental legislation in agriculture and forestry

    Awareness on enviromental legislation, policies, principles relevant for agriculture and forestry. Awareness of the impact on the enviroment of local agricultural precedures and practices. Means to adjust the production to new enviromental regulations and policies.

  • Pruning techniques

    The techniques of selectively removing parts of trees and plants to foster better growth and regeneration.

  • Pruning types

    Different approached to prunning trees, such as thinning, removal, etc.

  • Plant species

    The variety of plants, trees and shrubs and their special characteristics. 

Skills

  • Prune hedges and trees

    Cut and prune trees and hedges in ornemental forms, considering botanical and esthetical aspects.

  • Prune plants

    Carry out pruning with relevant tools, related to the different purposes like maintenance pruning, pruning for growth, pruning for fruiting, debudding and volume reduction.

  • Use gardening equipment

    Use gardening equipment such as clippers, sprayers, mowers, chainsaws, complying to health and safety regulations.

  • Handling chemical products for soil and plants

    Handling chemical products for soil and plants includes cleaning the equipment used for spreading and spraying, mixing of chemicals, preparing pesticides and herbicides for spraying, preparing fertilisers for spreading.

  • Operate landscaping equipment

    Operate a variety of landscaping equipment such as chain saws, line trimmers, tillers, back hoes, bobcats, bed edgers, mowers, blowers, dump trailers, tillers, sod cutters, weed eaters, plant augers, and drills.

  • Transport physical resources within the work area

    Transport physical resources such as products, equipment, materials, and liquids. Carefully load, transport and unload resources safely and efficiently, keeping the load in good condition.

  • Nurse trees

    Plant, fertilise and trim trees, shrubs and hedges. Examine trees to assess their condition and determine treatment. Work to eradicate insects, fungus and diseases which are harmful to trees, assist with prescribed burning, and work on preventing erosion.

  • Propagate plants

    Carry out propagation activities by appling appropriate propagation methods such as grafted cutting propagation or generative propagation considering the plant type. Carry out propagation control considering the required terms and conditions for specific plant type.

  • Maintain landscape site

    Maintain the site by mowing, applying fertiliser, controlling weed, aerating, trimming and pruning. Perform clean-ups according to needs and requirements.

  • Work in outdoor conditions

    Can cope with the different climate conditions such as heat, rain, cold or in strong wind.

  • Prepare planting area for planting

    Prepare planting area and soil for planting by fertilising, mulching and performing weed control. Take the conditions of the area, soil and plant type into account.

  • Plant green plants

    Plant seeds manually or by using ground equipment.

  • Nurse plants

    Determine the need for nursing activities and carry out nursing by cultivating, maintaining, watering and spraying the plants and trees manually or using appropriate equipment, taking into account the plant species and following safety requirements.

  • Prepare planting area

    Prepare planting area and soil for planting by for example fertilising, mulching by hand or using mechanical tools or machinery; prepare seeds and plants for sowing and planting by enuring the quality of seed and plants.Sow and plant by hand, using mechanical tools or machinery and in accordance with national legislation.

  • Perform pest control

    Carry out crop spraying pest and disease operations in line with National industry and customer requirements. Carry out slurry and fertiliser spreading in accordance with local environmental regulations

  • Execute disease and pest control activities

    Execute disease and pest control activities using conventional or biological methods taking into account the climate, plant or crop type, health and safety and environmental regulations. Store and handle pesticides in accordance with recomandation and legislation.

  • Grow plants

    Carry out plant growing activities. Carry out grow control considering the required terms and conditions for specific plant type.

  • Put up signs

    Put up signs using a posthole digger, shovel, tamper, and other manual tools.

  • Prepare the ground

    Prepare the ground for laying turf or seeding by clearing the area, choosing the optimal soil, choosing the ground deepness and the appropriate fertilisers.

  • Build fences

    Put up fences using a pothole digger, shovel, tamper, and other manual tools.

  • Conform to health and safety regulations

    Carry out all work in accordance with relevant environmental and health and safety legislation, risk assessment requirements and company policies. Take the necessary health and safety precautions during work including posture the body well, safely operate tools and machinery, and wear the right clothes and protection for the climate.

  • Perform weed control operations

    Carry out crop spraying for weeds and plant disease operations in line with National industry and customer requirements.

  • Maintain ground

    Mow grass, rake leaves, and remove fallen limbs and trash. Remove weeds from landscapes in parks, greenways and other properties. Maintain the grounds and landscapes of private clients and businesses. Perform maintenance such as fertilising; spraying for weed and pest controls; planting, pruning and removing trees and shrubs; mow, trim, edge, cut and clean up uncontrolled weeds.

Optional knowledge and skills

manage landscape design projects manage time in landscaping manage agricultural staff create garden areas in cemeteries supervise landscape projects establish green roof establish vertical gardens organic farming assist in interior plant projects crop production principles manage rainwater build garden masonry rainwater management prepare flower arrangements agronomy work in a landscape team prepare site for construction herbicides sprayers make decisions regarding landscaping develop architectural plans

Common job titles

  • Gardener i
  • Assistant gardener
  • Gardener
  • Landscape gardener
  • Landscape gardeners and crew leader
  • Landscape gardener
  • Horticulturist i (grade e18, #10554)