Profession matrose

Matroses are members of the deck department of an inland water transportship. They may work on the helm, on the deck, in the cargo hold and in the engine room. They may be called on to use emergency, lifesaving, damage control, and safety equipment. They perform all operations connected with the launching of lifesaving equipment and are expected to be able to operate deck machinery, mooring and anchoring equipment.

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Personality Type

  • Realistic / Conventional
  • Realistic / Enterprising

Knowledge

  • Types of cargo

    Distinguish different types of cargo e.g. bulk cargo, liquid bulk cargo and heavy materials.

  • Vessel safety equipment

    Gain theoretical and practical knowledge of safety equipment used in vessels, including devices such as lifeboats, life rings, splash doors and fire doors, sprinkler systems, etc. Operate equipment during emergency situations.

  • Influence of winds and currents in the steering of ships

    Know what influence current, wind strength, and wind direction have on a vessel's navigation and manoeuvring abilities.

  • Environmental aspects of inland waterway transportation

    Consider ecological aspects of the operation of ships in order to use vessels in an efficient and environmentally friendly manner. Understand environmental aspects when navigating inland waterways.

  • On board hazards

    Prevent on board (electrical) hazards and effectively deal with them should they occur; ensure safe embarkation and disembarkation of the vessel.

Skills

  • Undertake navigation safety actions

    Recognise unsafe situations and perform follow-up actions according to the safety regulations. Immediately warn ship management. Use personal protective and rescue equipment.

  • Maintain vessel engine room

    Maintain the engines and engine room equipment of a vessel. Conduct pre-checks prior to departure and ongoing examinations during the voyage.

  • Assist anchoring operations

    Assist during anchoring operations; operate equipment and assist in anchor manoeuvres.

  • Use different types of fire extinguishers

    Understand and apply various methods of firefighting and various types and classes of fire extinguishing equipment.

  • Assist passenger embarkation

    Assist passengers when they embark vessels, aircraft, trains and other modes of transport. Keep safety measures and procedures in mind.

  • Communicate reports provided by passengers

    Transmit information provided by passengers to superiors. Interpret passenger claims and follow up requests.

  • Follow procedures in the event of an alarm

    Follow safety procedures in the event of an alarm; act according to company instructions and procedures.

  • Steer vessels

    Operate and steer vessels such as cruise ships, ferries, tankers, and container ships.

  • Maintain ropes

    Maintain splices and knots in ropes.

  • Load cargo onto ships

    Load and unload cargo onto ships. Oversee cargo loading and discharging operations.

  • Operate life-saving appliances

    Operate survival craft and their launching appliances and arrangements. Operate life-saving instruments like radio life-saving appliances, satellite EPIRBs, SARTs, immersion suits and thermal protective aids.

  • Use ballasts

    Manipulate ballast system; empty and refill ballast tanks.

  • Maintain service record book

    Maintain service record book, in which data related to the on-board time, activities, signatures of skippers, and other details are recorded.

  • Moor vessels

    Follow standard procedures to moor vessels. Manage communication between the ship and the shore.

  • Comply with checklists

    Follow checklists and ensure compliance with all the items included in them.

  • Swim

    Move through water by means of the limbs.

  • Help to control passenger behaviour during emergency situations

    Know how to use life-saving equipment in emergency situations. Provide assistance if leakages, collisions or fires should occur, and support the evacuation of passengers. Know crisis and crowd management, and administer first aid on board.

  • Secure ships using rope

    Use rope to secure and untie the ship before departure or upon arrival.

  • Paint ship decks

    Detect and remove rust using primers and sealants; paint vessel decks to fend off oxidation process.

  • Prepare engine room for operation

    Prepare and start main engine and auxiliary engines; prepare machinery in engine room prior to departure; know and follow starting procedures according to checklist.

  • Clean parts of vessels

    Clean engine rooms and vessel components using appropriate cleaning materials; ensure compliance with environmental regulations.

  • Launch lifeboats

    Launch and retrieve lifeboats following international maritime regulations.

  • Facilitate safe disembarkation of passengers

    Assist passengers when they leave the vessel, aircraft, train, or other mode of transport. Keep the safety measures and procedures in mind.

  • Use equipment for safe stowage

    Use tools and equipment to perform safe stowage and ensure proper loading and securing of goods.

  • Understand different types of locks and their operation

    Master various engineering constructions and functions of bridges and locks in the field of navigation. Conduct locking and entering procedures.

  • Navigate European inland waterways

    Navigate European waterways in accordance with navigation agreements.

  • Perform daily maintenance on ship machinery

    Perform daily maintenance tasks on machinery in ships, such as pumps, piping systems and ballast systems.

  • Unmoor vessels

    Follow standard procedures to unmoor vessels. Manage communication between the ship and the shore.

  • Steer ship in compliance with helm orders

    Steer a ship using various propulsion and steering systems, while under supervision and complying with helm orders.

  • Execute safety assurance exercises

    Organise and execute safety exercises; ensure safety in potentially dangerous situations.

  • Perform vessel maintenance and cleaning

    Follow the First Mate's instructions in assisting with equipment maintenance such as painting or varnishing, splicing lines, and wash-down chores.

  • Apply regulations on cargo transport operations

    Display knowledge of relevant local, national, European and international regulations, standards, and codes concerning the operation of freight transport.

  • Adhere to traffic regulations on inland waterways

    Understand and apply traffic rules in inland waterway navigation in order to ensure safety and avoid collisions.

  • Maintain vessel technical equipment according to instructions

    Operate and maintain technical equipment and devices according to technical instructions.

  • Follow written instructions

    Follow written directions in order to perform a task or carry out a step-by-step procedure.

  • Follow verbal instructions

    Have the ability to follow spoken instructions received from colleagues. Strive to understand and clarify what is being requested.

  • Read stowage plans

    Read and comprehend content of stowage plans; basic knowledge of how to stow various types of cargo.

Optional knowledge and skills

national regulations on handling cargo implement environmental protection measures prevent damage to electrical devices on board ensure integrity of hull principles of mechanical engineering use waterway traffic control systems; european classification of inland waterways inland waterway police regulations vessel fuels international regulations for cargo handling principles of combustion engines passenger transport regulations engine components ensure vessel compliance with regulations provide first aid distinguish various types of ships operate vessel engine room