Profession phlebotomist

Phlebotomists take blood samples from patients for laboratory analysis, ensuring patient safety during the blood collection process. They transport the specimen to the laboratory, following strict instructions from the doctor of medicine.

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Personality Type

  • Conventional / Realistic

Knowledge

  • Human physiology

    The science of the mechanical, physical, bioelectrical and biochemical functions of humans, their organs and cells in good health.

  • Infection control

    The routes of transmission and methods of preventing spread of common and important infecting organisms together with the methods available for sterilisation and disinfection of pathogenic organisms in the prevention of infection.

  • Medical informatics

    The processes and tools used for the analysis and dissemination of medical data through computerized systems.

  • Hygiene in a health care setting

    The procedures related to maintaining a hygienic environment within a health care setting such as hospitals and clinics. It can range from hand washing to cleaning and disinfection of medical equipment used and infection control methods.

  • Techniques of blood-sampling

    The appropriate techniques for the collection of blood samples for laboratory work purposes, depending on the group of people targeted such as children or elderly.

  • Human anatomy

    The dynamic relationship of human structure and function and the muscosceletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary, reproductive, integumentary and nervous systems; normal and altered anatomy and physiology throughout the human lifespan.

  • Sterilization techniques

    The methods and techniques used to destroy or remove microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria that can contaminate medical instruments or any type of material in a health care setting.

  • Blood donation

    The procedures related to collecting blood samples from volunteers, the screening testing against disease and the follow-up.

Skills

  • Label medical laboratory samples

    Correctly label samples of the medical laboratory with the accurate information, according to the implemented quality system in place.

  • Ensure safety of healthcare users

    Make sure that healthcare users are being treated professionally, effectively and safe from harm, adapting techniques and procedures according to the person's needs, abilities or the prevailing conditions.

  • Interact with healthcare users

    Communicate with clients and their carer’s, with the patient’s permission, to keep them informed about the clients’ and patients’ progress and safeguarding confidentiality.

  • Monitor patient's vital signs

    Monitor and analyse vital signs of heart, respiration, and blood pressure.

  • Maintain professional records

    Produce and maintain records of work performed.

  • Perform venepuncture procedures

    Perform venipuncture procedures by selecting a suitable site to puncture the patients` veins, preparing the puncture site, explaining the procedure to the patient, extracting the blood and collecting it in an appropriate container.

  • Comply with legislation related to health care

    Comply with the regional and national legislation that is relevant to one`s work and apply it in practice.

  • Use venepuncture procedure equipment

    Make use of the instruments and tools such as tourniquet, alcohol wipes, gauze sponges, sterilized needles and syringes, adhesive bandages, gloves and evacuated collection tubes, used in the procedure for collecting blood from patients.

  • Empathise with the healthcare user

    Understand the background of clients` and patients’ symptoms, difficulties and behaviour. Be empathetic about their issues; showing respect and reinforcing their autonomy, self-esteem and independence. Demonstrate a concern for their welfare and handle according to the personal boundaries, sensitivities, cultural differences and preferences of the client and patient in mind.

  • Label blood samples

    Label blood samples taken from patients in compliance with regulations and the identity of the patient.

  • Collect biological samples from patients

    Follow recommended processes to collect bodily fluids or samples from patients for further laboratory testing, assisting the patient as required.

  • Manage infection control in the facility

    Implement a set of measures to prevent and control infections, formulating and establishing health and safety procedures and policies.

  • Respond to healthcare users' extreme emotions

    React accordingly when a healthcare user becomes hyper-manic, panicky, extremely distressed, agressive, violent, or suicidal, following appropriate training if working in contexts where patients go through extreme emotions regularly.

  • Transport blood samples

    Ensure that the blood samples collected are transported safely and correctly, following strict procedures to avoid contamination

  • Work in multidisciplinary health teams

    Participate in the delivery of multidisciplinary health care, and understand the rules and competences of other healthcare related professions.

  • Communicate effectively in healthcare

    Communicate effectively with patients, families and other caregivers, health care professionals, and community partners.

Optional knowledge and skills

blood type classification handle patients with special needs employ foreign languages in care blood transfusion blood collection on babies paediatric phlebotomy procedures medical terminology blood product storage conditions