Profession road construction worker
Road construction workers perform road construction on earthworks, substructure works and the pavement section of the road. They cover the compacted soil with one or more layers. Road construction workers usually lay a stabilising bed of sand or clay first before adding asphalt or concrete slabs in order to finish a road.
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- Realistic / Conventional
- Realistic / Enterprising
- Perform drainage work
Dig draining ditches and lay the pipe or gutter installation to allow evacuation of surplus liquid and avoid subsidence or other damage.
- Prevent damage to utility infrastructure
Consult utility companies or plans on the location of any utility infrastructure that may interfere with a project or be damaged by it. Take the necessary steps to avoid damage.
- Use safety equipment in construction
Use elements of protective clothing such as steel-tipped shoes, and gear such as protective goggles, in order to minimise risk of accidents in construction and to mitigate any injury if an accident does occur.
- Inspect construction supplies
Check construction supplies for damage, moisture, loss or other problems before using the material.
- Install frost protection materials
Install insulation materials such as sand, gravel, crushed stone, foam glass or extruded polystyrene to reduce frost penetration and any resulting road damage.
- Pave asphalt layers
Use different grades of asphalt to lay the asphalt layers of a road. Lay an asphalt base layer with low bitumen content to provide a stable surface, a binder layer with intermediate bitumen content, and a surface layer containing the highest grade material with the highest bitumen content to withstand the stresses of road transport. Tend a paver to lay the asphalt or use different techniques and instruments.
- Follow health and safety procedures in construction
Apply the relevant health and safety procedures in construction in order to prevent accidents, pollution and other risks.
- Lay base courses
Lay the stabilising courses that support a road. Lay the road base, which enhances the drainage properties of the road, and a sub-base if called for. Use the correct material for this, usually a mix of aggregates or local secondary materials, sometimes with some binding agents added.
- Transport construction supplies
Bring construction materials, tools and equipment to the construction site and store them properly taking various aspects into account such as the workers' safety and protection from deterioration.
- Plan surface slope
Make sure the planned surface has the necessary slope to prevent puddling of water or fluids.
- Level earth surface
Change the profile of the earth surface, turning it flat or shaping it to match a certain slope. Remove irregularities such as knolls, pits and ditches.
- Prepare subgrade for road pavement
Make sure the surface underneath the road is ready to be paved. Ensure that it is flat, stable and able to resist the mechanical stresses of road traffic.
- Work ergonomically
Apply ergonomy principles in the organisation of the workplace while manually handling equipment and materials.
- Work safely with hot materials
Take care when handling hot materials. Wear the right protective clothing and take care not to burn yourself or others, damage equipment, or create fire hazards.
- Work safely with chemicals
Take the necessary precautions for storing, using and disposing chemical products.
Optional knowledge and skillskeep records of work progress lay concrete slabs remove road surface operate mobile crane guide operation of heavy construction equipment place temporary road signage install kerbstones operate road roller monitor heavy machinery set up temporary construction site infrastructure inspect asphalt manoeuvre heavy trucks operate bulldozer keep personal administration drive mobile heavy construction equipment apply proofing membranes process incoming construction supplies work in a construction team mechanical tools operate excavator types of asphalt coverings
Common job titles
- Laborer - apprentice
- Transportation worker - level 1
- General construction worker
- Transportation worker 02
- Highway construction / striper / signing laborer
- Road and drainage worker ii
- Construction labor worker
- Street maintenance worker
- Carpenter helper