Profession security guard

  • security guard

Security guards guard, patrol or monitor premises to prevent theft, damage, violence or infractions of rules.

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Personality Type

  • Realistic / Conventional
  • Realistic / Enterprising

Tasks security guard

  • Patrol industrial, commercial or private premises to prevent and detect signs of intrusion, watch for irregularities and ensure security of doors, windows and gates.
  • Watch and monitor alarm and surveillance systems, such as closed circuit television and computer alarm systems, and communicate with mobile units to attend alarms.
  • Answer alarms and investigate disturbances.
  • Report incidents, problems or irregularities to the appropriate authority.
  • Monitor and authorize entrance and departure of persons and vehicles to (from) premises.
  • Operate detecting devices to screen individuals and prevent passage of prohibited articles into restricted areas.
  • Circulate among crowd, visitors, patrons or employees to preserve order and protect property, stay near persons requiring protection and defend from attack.
  • Detect and report fraud, shoplifting and other unlawful acts, and give evidence in court where necessary.
  • Warn persons of rule infractions or violations, evict violators from premises using force when necessary, and apprehend and detain offenders until police arrive.
  • Call police, fire or medical services in cases of emergency.
  • Escort or drive motor vehicle to transport individuals, cash or other valuables to specified locations or to provide personal protection.
  • Write reports of daily activities and irregularities such as equipment or property damage, theft, presence of unauthorized persons or unusual occurrences.

Related professions attendant, guard

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  • Security threats

    Types of threats to public and private security such as unauthorised entry, aggressive behaviour, molestation, robbery, theft, assault, kidnapping, murder and public demonstration.


  • Restrain individuals

    Restrain, or control by force, individuals who violate regulations in terms of acceptable behaviour, who present a threat to others, and who perform acts of violence, to ensure the individual is unable to proceed in this negative behaviour and to protect others.

  • Stay alert

    Stay focused and alert at all times; react quickly in the case of unexpected events. Concentrate and do not get distracted performing a task over a long period of time.

  • Practice vigilance

    Practice vigilance during patrol or other surveillance activities in order to ensure safety and security, to look out for suspicious behaviour or other alarming changes in patterns or activities, and to respond quickly to these changes.

  • Comply with the principles of self-defence

    Observe the principles according to which a person should only use so much force as is required to repel an attack. The use of deadly force is limited to situations where attackers are using deadly force themselves.

  • Apply safety measures

    Perform tasks and operations taking into account the safety regulations and standards and applying them in order to prevent incidents or hazards.

  • Identify security threats

    Identify security threats during investigations, inspections, or patrols, and perform the necessary actions to minimise or neutralise the threat.

  • Execute inspection walkway

    Carry out a route in order to verify if all the doors and windows are closed.

  • Detain offenders

    Keep back offenders and trespassers in a certain area.

  • Ensure law application

    Ensure the laws are followed, and where they are broken, that the correct measures are taken to ensure compliance to the law and law enforcement.

  • Check official documents

    Check an individuals' official documentation, such as driver's licenses and identification, to ensure compliance with legal regulations, and to identify and assess individuals.

  • Maintain facility security systems

    Ensure that proper and functional security systems are in place, including alarm systems, fire alarms, sprinklers and emergency exits.

  • Monitor surveillance equipment

    Monitor the operation of equipment used in surveillance and gathering of intelligence to ensure it functions properly and to gather the surveillance information detected by it.

  • Deal with aggressive behaviour

    Respond promptly to adverse behaviour in a professional manner by taking appropriate and legal action to prevent further aggressiveness, such as verbal warning, lawful removal from the premises or apprehension of the person involved. Report details of adverse behaviour in line with the organisation’s procedures.

  • Ensure public safety and security

    Implement the relevant procedures, strategies and use the proper equipment to promote local or national security activities for the protection of data, people, institutions, and property.

  • Perform security checks

    Monitor and check individuals' bags or personal items in order to make sure the individuals present no threats and that their behaviour is legally compliant.

  • Liaise with security authorities

    Respond quickly to security incidents and violations by calling the police and keep in touch with other relevant parties involved in the potential prosecution of the offender.

  • Identify terrorism threats

    Identify the possibility of terrorism activities posing threats and danger in a specific area by monitoring activities of potentially dangerous groups of people, assessing risks in different areas, and gathering intelligence.

  • Perform body searches

    Examine visitors by performing a body search, in order to detect weapons or illegal substances.

  • Patrol areas

    Patrol a designated area, watch out for and respond to suspicious and dangerous situations, and communicating with emergency response organisations.

Optional knowledge and skills

check methods criminal law security in commercial buildings illegal substances explosives control crowd manage lost and found articles inspect cargo provide security in detention centres handle surveillance equipment security in industrial buildings conduct airport security screening ensure store security document security incidents in the store fire safety regulations monitor parking areas to maintain security regulate traffic provide first aid manage major incidents carry out security activities with a dog provide door security ensure accurate screening of luggage in aerodromes operate radio equipment exercise security in hospitals legal use-of-force legal requirements related to ammunition ensure hotel security surveillance methods alarm systems interrogate individuals ensure security on ships ensure compliance with types of weapons

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