Stonemasons manually carve and assemble stone for construction purposes. While CNC operated carving equipment is the industry standard, artisanal carving for ornamental stone is still done manually.
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- Realistic / Conventional
- Types of stone for working
Different types of stone that stonemasons and other stone workers use to process into building materials. The mechanical properties of stone, such as their weight, tensile strength, durability. Economical properties such as cost, transport and sourcing.
- Building codes
The set of guidelines that determine the minimum standards for buildings and other constructions in order to protect public health and safety.
- Follow health and safety procedures in construction
Apply the relevant health and safety procedures in construction in order to prevent accidents, pollution and other risks.
- Polish stone by hand
Polish by hand the stone parts which cannot be polished by a machine, rubbing it with abrasive blocks.
- Work ergonomically
Apply ergonomy principles in the organisation of the workplace while manually handling equipment and materials.
- Create cutting plan
Draw up plans to show how the material will be cut into functional pieces to minimise loss of material.
- Transport construction supplies
Bring construction materials, tools and equipment to the construction site and store them properly taking various aspects into account such as the workers' safety and protection from deterioration.
- Interpret 2D plans
Interpret and understand plans and drawings in manufacturing processes which include representations in two dimensions.
- Inspect construction supplies
Check construction supplies for damage, moisture, loss or other problems before using the material.
- Use safety equipment in construction
Use elements of protective clothing such as steel-tipped shoes, and gear such as protective goggles, in order to minimise risk of accidents in construction and to mitigate any injury if an accident does occur.
- Prepare stone for smoothing
Prepare the stone for the smoothing process by wetting it with the hose.
- Inspect stone surface
Inspect the surface of the stone to identify any uneven areas.
- Maintain work area cleanliness
Keep the working area and equipment clean and orderly.
- Operate grinding hand tools
Operate a variety of hand tools designed for grinding production materials, such as angle grinders, die grinders, grindstones, bench grinders, and others.
- Mark stone workpieces
Mark planes, lines and points onto a stone workpiece to show where material will be removed.
- Use measurement instruments
Use different measurement instruments depending on the property to be measured. Utilise various instruments to measure length, area, volume, speed, energy, force, and others.
- Interpret 3D plans
Interpret and understand plans and drawings in manufacturing processes which include representations in three dimensions.
- Regulate cutting speed
Regulate the speed and depth of stone cutting by pulling the levers and turning the wheels.
- Use stonemason's chisel
Use a stonemason's chisel with a mallet to chisel away stone and create a straight edge on the workpiece.
- Secure working area
Secure the operation site fixing boundaries, restricting access, placing signs and taking other measures in order to guarantee public and staff safety.