Profession wood drying kiln operator
Wood drying kiln operators control the process of applying heat to moist or 'green' wood in order to obtain usable dry wood. Depending on the type of kiln, the drying operator will be responsible for moving the wood into and out of the kiln, temperature control, and ventilation.
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- Realistic / Conventional
- Timber products
Key features, advantages and limitations of the different timbers and timber based products sold at a company and where to access this information.
- Wood products
The various wood products such as lumber and furniture, their functionalities, properties and legal and regulatory requirements.
- Wood moisture content
The amount of water contained in wood materials. The effect of wood moisture on the size and physical characteristics of the wood. Suitable moisture contents for different uses.
- Kiln types
Kiln characteristics, operation and types such as periodic kilns, updraft kilns, downdraft kilns, sprung arch kilns, or catenary arch kilns.
- Types of wood
Types of wood, such as birch, pine, poplar, mahogany, maple and tulipwood.
- Construction products
The offered construction materials, their functionalities, properties and legal and regulatory requirements.
- Heat materials
Put the materials in an oven and heat them for a certain amount of time and to a specific temperature to shape or cure the material.
- Acclimatise timber
Acclimatise wooden materials to make sure they will not change size after installation, which may cause damage or produce an otherwise inadequate result. Leave the material in climatic circumstances very similar to those in the location where they will be used. Allow several days for the wood to acclimatise, depending on the type and circumstances.
- Identify drying defects
Identify a range of possible drying defects and their mutual causes.
- Stack timber
Stack and align timber in neat and separate layers to make it ready for kiln drying.
- Handle timber based products
Identify the main types of timber based products to be received at your company. Stack and store timber based products safely and in compliance with company procedures.
- Load materials into furnace
Load materials in furnace with correct positioning, fastening and levelling when needed.
- Handle timber
Identify the main types of timber to be received at your company. Stack and store timber safely and in compliance with company procedures.
- Apply wood kiln drying technologies
Dry timber stacks with modern and dated kiln technologies, such as dehumidification, solar, vacuum and conventional drying.
- Prepare kiln schedules
Prepare kiln schedules, which consist of predetermining a set of temperatures and humidity conditions for different periods or stages of drying.
- Manage kiln ventilation
Managing a product specific and energy efficient kiln ventilation.
- Measure furnace temperature
Measure temperature of product to determine necessity for adjusting furnace temperature or timing cycle, using thermal instruments and charts.
- Conform to health and safety regulations
Carry out all work in accordance with relevant environmental and health and safety legislation, risk assessment requirements and company policies. Take the necessary health and safety precautions during work including posture the body well, safely operate tools and machinery, and wear the right clothes and protection for the climate.
- Control kiln firing
Control and monitor the kiln so that it fires ware (greenware or deorations) according to specified thickness and hardness.
- Wear appropriate protective gear
Wear relevant and necessary protective gear, such as protective goggles or other eye protection, hard hats, safety gloves.
- Dry wood
Adjust machine settings to adapt drying processes, drying times, and special treatments to the requirements of the requested wood to be dried.