Team roles test theory
According to team roles test theories there are specific and different team roles that a team requires. These roles can be either functional, organizational, personal or even skillful.
Each team should be an ideal mix of different team roles depending on the specific goals the team wants to achieve.
When the composition is not ideal the team may run into problems. For example, a team consisting of only creative individuals will generate many ideas of which none gets implemented. A team consisting of only specialists may loose track of the big picture.
Any team that is aware of the different roles required to reach a specific goal and is able to fulfil those roles within the team will perform better. In the last 30 years interest in team composition has increased and many different team roles tests have been developed.
Essentially though, team roles are equal to 'persona' (masks) or specific competency profiles and have been mentioned explicitly since ancient Greek history. Not just only in working life but also the roles people play in life, family and military. The application of team roles however seems to be primarily directed at management teams nowadays.
The free team roles test of 123test® is inspired by ideas on team roles theories, generalized competency frameworks and recent knowledge of the Big Five personality theory. It measures roles found in businesses and management teams throughout the world in many cultures.